- Published: May 21, 2014
General – Conceptual orientation
Legal policy starting pointBosnia and Herzegovina has been a focus of the IRZ's activities in South Eastern Europe since it started operations there in 2000 within the framework of the Stability Pact. Because the country began the transformation of its legal system lated as a result of the war, the rapid implementation of rule-of-law standards is particularly urgent. Consultation provided by Germany makes sense and is particularly sustainable because the law in Bosnia and Herzegovina is traditionally orientated towards the continental European model.
Difficulties arise in the project work in Bosnia and Herzegovina because of the distinctly federal system, the entities of which only work together to a limited extent. The ensuing fragmentation of the law causes problems for the Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU, which was signed in 2008, but has yet to be ratified. The cause of this is the still outstanding implementation of the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights in the Case of Sejdic/Finci against Bosnia and Herzegovina of 22 December 2009, which calls for the elimination of discrimination in the right to be elected to office.
On the other hand, the younger generation is an important resource for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Many young academics, a considerable number of whom have lived in Germany as war refugees, speak German at native speaker level and feel predisposed towards Western European legal standards because of their experience abroad. It is towards this group in particular that the IRZ targets its work in order to prevent any further brain drain. It is these young academics in particular who can create the necessary impetus in the medium term to overcome the current situation.
Cooperation to dateThe focus of the IRZ's project work in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been on the field of the rule of law and justice for years. The IRZ supports basic and further training in the field of civil and commercial law at the Law Faculties and at both education centres for judges and public prosecutors. Activities in the field of the study and reception of German law have moreover gradually been added in recent years, each at the initiative of project partners in the country. The IRZ supports the work of the German-Bosnian-Herzegovinian Lawyers' Association (DBHJV) and organises the "Day of German Law in Bosnia and Herzegovina", which has been taking place on an annual basis since 2009. The IRZ also accompanies the "Additional studies on German law" at the Law Faculty in Sarajevo, in support of which the "IRZ library of German law at the Law Faculty in Sarajevo" was established in 2012. Finally, the IRZ has released a number of legal publications in recent years in the local language which also target lawyers in other countries of the region. Not lastly, the topic of human rights in the post-conflict area of Bosnia and Herzegovina remains on the IRZ's agenda. This topic was intensified in 2013 by including the country in a project on this subject which was promoted by the Federal Foreign Office.
- Education centres for judges and public prosecutors of both entities
- German-Bosnian-Herzegovinian Lawyers' Association (DBHJV)
- Law Faculties of the Universities of Mostar, Sarajevo and Pale
- "Vaša Prava" pro bono legal service organisation
- Bar of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Ministry of Justice of the umbrella state, as well as of the entities
- German Studies Faculty of the University of Sarajevo
Cooperation to date – strategy
The IRZ will continue to place the focus on the basic and further training of lawyers, in particular in civil and civil procedure law. The focus is on imparting and improving general legal skills as well as specific expert knowledge in areas of particular practical relevance. The IRZ also involves participants from the neighbouring countries on a case-by-case basis. The IRZ is maintaining the traditional links between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Germany through the ongoing cooperation with the above mentioned partners. In this context, amongst other things publications related to German law are produced, "Days of German Law in Bosnia and Herzegovina" organised and the complementary studies on German law at the Sarajevo Law Faculty are jointly organised.
Foci of activity in 2013
Constitutional law/human rights and their enforcement
- 5th Day of German Law in Bosnia and Herzegovina with the topic of "European Anti-Discrimination Law" in Pale
- Conference in cooperation with the "Vaša Prava" legal aid organisation on the European anti-discrimination standards as part of a regional project supported by the Federal Foreign Office with funds to promote human rights
- In this context also presentation of the publication entitled "Practical introduction to the European anti-discrimination standards"
- Making this publication available on the website of "Vaša Prava"
Civil and commercial law
- Seminars in the training programme of the judicial further training centres:
- "Questions of the applicable law for cross-border contracts" in Sarajevo
- "Property law" in Banja Luka
- "Insolvency law" in Banja Luka
- "Acquisition of real estate in good faith" in Sarajevo
- Participation by a Bosnian-Herzegovinian legal expert at the conference "The harmonisation of the law on insurance" in Palic
- Participation by Bosnian-Herzegovinian legal experts at the 16th Cartel Conference in Berlin
- Cooperation in the working party on rule-of-law-related issues that was launched by the German Embassy in Bosnia and Herzegovina, in which the GIZ and the German-Bosnian-Herzegovinian Lawyers' Association (DBHJV) are also involved
- Seminar in the training programme of the judicial further training centre for judges and public prosecutors on the topic of "Application of European law by national courts" in Sarajevo
Basic and further training
- Continuation of the "Additional studies on German law at the Sarajevo Law Faculty" in the shape of regular lectures in German given by Bosnian-Herzegovinian lecturers and lecture blocks held by German speakers
- Further expansion of the "IRZ Library of German Law at the Law Faculty in Sarajevo", facilitated by a generous donation from the German Insurance Association (GDV), as well as by the support of juris GmbH, which has provided a free connection to the juris database
- Specialist language course in "Legal terminology" together with the DAAD at Sarajevo Law Faculty
- Publication of two further issues of the journal "Nova pravna revija" ("New legal revue – Journal for Bosnian-Herzegovinian, German and European law")
- Distribution of the electronic version of these journals via the website of the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as on other Internet sites in the region
- Conference on the topic of "Children's rights in legislation and practice" in Mostar
- Bosnian-Serbian student and academic exchange on the occasion of the Harmonius winter school on current topics of EU law in Zlatibor, Serbia
- Participation by young German-speaking legal experts and students from Bosnia-Herzegovinia at the "German Law" Summer School in Brühl
- Participation by staff from the judicial further training centres at the regional workshop "Basic and further training of legal trainees, judges and public prosecutors – experience in the development and implementation of training programmes" in Podgorica Distribution of further regional specialist publications which the IRZ has co-published to selected project partners in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The IRZ will be continuing its project work in Bosnia and Herzegovina in close collaboration with its partners. It will continue to co-edit various legal specialist publications which are also published on the Internet and address readers and Internet users in the entire region. Furthermore, the IRZ will be further extending the accompanying studies on German law at Sarajevo Law Faculty and the IRZ library there, as well as continuing the programme of courses on German legal terminology. The focus here will continue to be on orientation towards German law as the benchmark law corresponding to the country's own legal tradition, as well as human rights and the support of young lawyers and regional cooperation.