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From 7 to 9 April 2016, the first regional conference to be held in cooperation with the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the relationship between the European Court of Human Rights and national constitutional courts took place in Sarajevo. The Presidents of the Constitutional Courts of Montenegro and Serbia, as well as other judges from their courts and from the Constitutional Court of Croatia also took part in the event. Speakers at the conference included judges from the participating regional constitutional courts, as well as the former judge at the German Federal Constitutional Court, Professor Dr. Udo Steiner, and the Bosnian-Herzegovinian judge at the ECHR, Faris Vehabovic. Another of the speakers was Professor Dr. Constance Grewe, who is an international judge from the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The wide range of subjects covered by the speakers meant that the event presented a broad variety of information. This and the involvement of Faris Vehabovic as a judge at the Strasbourg Court led to lively discussions and a comprehensive exchange of points of view.
The IRZ has been working intensively with constitutional courts in South-East Europe for many years. Following on from various regional conferences with the Constitutional Courts of Serbia and Montenegro, this conference was the first bilateral event organised between the IRZ and the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In order to ensure the sustainability of this activity and expand its circle of addressees, contributions to the conference will in future feature in the new "Constitutional Law Yearbook" published by the IRZ. Once again, this IRZ event received a lot of media attention. The public TV corporation in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and various private broadcasters in Bosnia and Herzegovina and even in neighbouring Serbia reported on the conference.
Speakers: Nevenka Mitrić, Regional Court (Okružni sud) judge and lawyer Dr. Karolina Mihaljević Schultze (on the right)
On 18 February 2016, the IRZ held a seminar on "Labour law with a special focus on mobbing" at the Judicial Training Centre in Banja Luka in the Republika Srpska. The event was based on the fact that labour law, which in practice is particularly significant, has to deal with the conflict between the conventions left over from the socialist era and the Manchester capitalistic conduct of some employers in the transition states of South-East Europe. At the same time, EU law also has a considerable influence here. The latter has led to the fact that in these states, judicial practice for new legislation often has to be developed first. Orientation towards German case law is a great help here, as it is with regards to legal certainty and the standardisation of case law.
The speakers at the seminar were Nevenka Mitrić, Regional Court (Okružni sud) judge in Banja Luka, and Berlin lawyer Dr. Karolina Mihaljević Schultze. The latter originally comes from Bosnia and wrote a thesis on the law of the region at Freie Universität Berlin. She gave her lecture in the local language. This meant that subsequent discussions could also take place without any language barriers and these were direct and particularly intense.
This seminar in Banja Luka is a good example of the meaningful use of bilingual speakers, who understand German law and that of the partner countries in equal measure. This allows the speaker's experience of German law and German legal practice, which can be directly applied thanks to comparable legal provisions, to be conveyed in a way that is targeted towards the audience.
Like those in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Judicial Training Centre in the Republika Srpska is a long-term project partner of the IRZ.
Ambassador Christian Hellbach (centre left) in discussions with Rector Muharem Avdispahić (centre right)
The seventh "Day of German Law in Bosnia and Herzegovina" was held in Sarajevo on 11 December 2015. This series of events, which has been organised since 2009 by the IRZ and the German-Bosnian-Herzegovinian Lawyers' Association (DBHJV), together with a different faculty in the country each year, regularly sheds light on the similarities and interactions between the law in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as in other states in the region, and German and European law.
Participants in this year's event at the Faculty of Law in Sarajevo included, as well as many students, academics and practitioners, high-ranking representatives of IRZ project partners. Amongst these, for example, were the Presidents of the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and of the Chamber of Notaries for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The welcome address in the Faculty of Law's Ceremonial Hall was delivered by the host, Rector Prof. Dr. Muharem Avdispahić, and was followed by a highly-regarded contribution from the German Ambassador, Christian Hellbach, who also addressed the current threats to the constitutional state in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He pointed out that the regional approach of this event is in harmony with the objectives of the "Berlin Process", which aims to bring the Western Balkan countries closer to the EU, partly by increasing the professional cooperation between each of these countries, which do not yet belong to the EU.
Some of the topics covered during the seventh "Day of German Law" included:
fighting organised crime,
real estate law and
private international law.
Critical issues such as setbacks and wrong turns in legal reform and the role of civil law as a means to discriminate against Jews during the National Socialist era were also covered. The speakers were (in alphabetical order): Prof. Dr. Slavko Djordjević, Serbia; Prof. Dr. Tatjana Josipović, Croatia; Prof. Dr. Zlatan Meškić and Prof. Dr. Meliha Povlakić, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Dr. Stefan Pürner, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. mult. Helmut Rüßmann and Prof. Dr. Dres. h.c. Friedrich-Christian Schroeder, Germany; Dr. Darja Softić-Kadenić, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The event, which was widely covered by the local media, was also the occasion to present the five-year bound version of the regional legal journal, "Nova Pravna Revija", which thanks to an additional bilingual index section and special German language abridged editions makes research work easier and also gives German-speaking readers a deeper insight into the wide spectrum covered by this newspaper. Dr. Dr. h.c. Christa Jessel-Holst, a former speaker on South-East Europe at the Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, points out that the journal has developed impressively over the past five years to become a comprehensive regional medium.