Croatia: Further Improvement of Institutional Capacity of all Misdemeanour Courts

Closing event

Closing event


Project Leader: Christian Schmitz-Justen
RTA: Rado Brezovar
Responsible at the IRZ:: Petra Fortuna, Beatrix Tatay

This project was a continuation of the CARDS 2004 project which IRZ completed in November 2009. It made a successful contribution towards reducing backlogs both in the misdemeanour courts and in the entire judiciary in Croatia.

The follow-up project was also successfully completed in December 2014 after a total term of 30 months. The overriding goal was to further improve the modus operandi and the management of all misdemeanour courts in Croatia. The project partners focused on the organisation of the management of the courts.

More efficient workflows in misdemeanour proceedings

The project partners introduced new workflows in selected courts in order to optimise the misdemeanour procedure. Judges are to be freed of superfluous tasks in order to enable them to focus on their actual judicial work. The project furthermore evaluated and implemented a new concept of the legal system on misdemeanours. Instead of spreading the first-instance
jurisdiction territorially over all misdemeanour courts nationally, certain types of court procedure were focused on and centralised in individual courts. Additionally, cooperation between the core institutions in the chain of misdemeanour case-law was optimised and improved.

Action plan to eliminate backlogs

In order to eliminate backlogs, an office was set up at the Supreme Misdemeanours Court which monitors progress in overcoming this problem. An international standard for indicators of court performance was used as a basis for the action plan to provide orientation. Furthermore, the project partners supported the publication of the misdemeanours courts’ caselaw, thus making it more readily available for expert lawyers, as well as for the public.

White Paper on working conditions in the misdemeanour courts

The project partners developed a White Paper within the third and final component which contains an analysis of the general working conditions of all misdemeanour courts:

  • general working conditions
  • office size
  • technical equipment
  • the need for renovation

The drafting of the White Paper was accompanied by a cost-benefit analysis. The White Paper forms the basis for an action plan by means of which working conditions can be created which corresponds to EU standards for court buildings.


Funded by the European Union

Libya: Security and Justice Support Project (SJSP)

Zuständig bei der IRZ: Özlem Olbrich, Nadine Spenke


The objective of the project is to strengthen the Libyan Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Justice. The project is mainly implemented by the international organisation IMG, with the IRZ acting as a subcontractor of IMG and being responsible for the judicial component. Further sub-contractors of IMG are the Italian Ministry of the Interior, CIVI.POL from France and NI-CO from the United Kingdom. Relevant aspects of the judicial component are strengthening the court administration and improving the training of prison officers as well as re-establishing and strengthening the Judicial Academy. The project started in December 2012, has a term of three years and a total budget of 10 million Euro, of which the IRZ is to spend roughly 660,000
Euro. The European Commission however decided in October 2014 to suspend the project until further notice since the growing political instability and the ever worsening situation prevented its correct, safe implementation.


Funded by the European Union

Romania: Protecting the Civil Rights of the European Citizens - Multidisciplinary Approach

Statement by the Romanian sociologist Petronel Dobrica during the seminar on protective orders in civil law in Cologne
Statement by the Romanian sociologist Petronel Dobrica during the seminar on protective orders in civil law in Cologne

EU Action Grant

Team leader: Mihai Doran
Responsible at the IRZ: Katharina Tegeder, Frank Hupfeld, Christian Schuster

In this project, the IRZ was a partner of the Craiova Court of Appeal, Romania. Another partner was the Rijeka Regional Court, Croatia. For the participation of German experts and participants, the IRZ had a budget of EUR 35,000 at its disposal. The project was implemented between July 2016 and June 2017.

The aim of the project was to provide the judiciary with multidisciplinary training on civil protection of EU citizens in cross-border cases. Both the EU Directive 606/2013 on mutual recognition of protection measures in civil matters and the Directive 2004/38/EC on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States were addressed in the seminars.

Three seminars were held, one in Medulin, Croatia, one in Cologne and one in Iași, Romania, with a total of 75 participants. Moreover, a handbook was developed on the subject of the project, which is available in German, Croatian and Romanian and is being distributed in the participating countries.

Funded by the European Union