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On 8 and 9 January 2019, the IRZ, in partnership with the Judicial Institute of Jordan, organised a seminar on “Methodology and teaching for practising judges”, in which judges from various courts in Amman and the surrounding area took part.
The event was opened by the Director of the Judicial Institute of Jordan, judge Ihsan Barakat. The participants in the seminar and the seminar leaders then introduced themselves.
As German experts, Dr. Arnd Weishaupt, a judge at the Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf, and Uwe Stark, a judge at the Local Court of Siegen, led the seminar. Both are long-standing experts in training trainers in the legal field.
The speakers from the Jordanian side were Dr. Abdulrahman Tawfiq, a former judge at the Court of Cassation and a legal advisor, and Dr. Khaled Al-Sama'a, a judge at the Appeals Court in Amman. Both Jordanian experts gave lectures on training concepts in the field of civil and criminal law.
During the two-day event, the practical issues involved in organising seminars were discussed from the Jordanian and German points of view. The main focus of the seminar was on the following topics:
Providing the right methodological and didactic instruments for carrying out a successful seminar,
the basics of adult learning behaviour,
selecting the subject matter,
significance of body language,
methods for motivating participants and
methods for enhancing the outcome of learning.
All these aspects were dealt with in detail and with the help of various case studies. The lively discussions following on from the lectures were mainly about how the results could be usefully exploited for judicial training in Jordan.
The IRZ has enjoyed a close working relationship with the Judicial Institute of Jordan for 10 years now and both sides want to continue this partnership in future.
This seminar took place as part of a Transformation Partnership project on judicial training as a stabilising element of the law in Jordan, which is being supported by the German Foreign Office and coordinated by the IRZ between 2017 and 2019.
During a study visit to Berlin from 22 to 26 October 2018, members of a Jordanian delegation discussed the subject of “Classification, enforcement plans and the involvement of external parties as a basis for the successful reintegration of prisoners” with German experts. This visit by directors and deputy directors of Jordanian penal institutions provided them with practical experience and supplemented the seminar held in September this year in Amman on the same subject [LINK].
The first visit was to the women’s penal institution in Berlin. Here, Social Services Coordinator Carola Trömel and her colleague Sandra Rodrigues Silva provided general information on the prison and the specific features of women’s prisons, as well as on projects in cooperation with external providers. They discussed in more detail the “startklar” project, which offers advice and training on professional orientation and social reintegration for young women.
Afterwards, the Jordanian guests visited the Plötzensee prison, where they were welcomed by the Prison Director, Dr. Uwe Meyer-Odewald. This was followed by expert discussions with psychologist Andree and social worker Schulz. They explained the procedure for establishing an enforcement plan and presented various reintegration measures.
Over the course of the next two days, the delegation visited the open prison complex in Berlin, where director Thorsten Luxa presented the open prison concept, and the non-governmental organisation Violence Prevention Network e.V. Here, the Jordanian guests were able to learn about the structures of the cooperation between independent providers and prisons and about the measures used to deal with radicalised prisoners.
The three-day study visit gave the delegation an insight into the many different aspects of the German prison system and the cooperation with external parties. The Jordanian guests’ keen interest in the subject was clear from the interesting discussions and questions asked to the German partners. Even though they remarked that not all the measures could be implemented in Jordan due to differences in the initial situation, they were still extremely interested in learning about the German concepts. As a result, the study visit developed a greater awareness of the importance of individually adapted enforcement plans, which are implemented as well as possible under the local circumstances. The key role played by non-governmental parties was also discussed in detail and the potential for cooperation between prisons and non-governmental organisations in Jordan was talked through using examples.
From 8 to 12 October 2018 the IRZ received a Jordanian delegation in Karlsruhe and Strasbourg to shed light on “The position of the Constitutional Court within the jurisdiction" and "The cooperation between the highest court of appeal and the courts of lower instances“. The delegation was made up of judges from the Jordanian Constitutional Court and the Court of Cassation and was led by Mansour Hadidi, Vice-President of the Jordanian Constitutional Court. During their three-day study trip, they visited several courts of different instances.
To begin their visit, the delegation visited the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg. There, the participants were received by the ECHR Vice-President, Prof. Angelika Nußberger, who outlined the ECHR’s competences as opposed to those of the courts of the individual Member States of the European Union.
On their second working day, the Jordanian guests visited the Constitutional Court of Baden-Wuerttemberg where they had expert discussions with Court President Dr. Malte Graßhof. During their discussions, the Jordanian participants learnt about the tasks of a Regional Constitutional Court in the Federal Republic of Germany. The information was illustrated using various practical examples which were discussed in depth with the Jordanian colleagues.
The study trip ended on the third day with a visit to the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice in Karlsruhe. At the Federal Constitutional Court, the Federal Constitutional Court Judge Prof. Dr. Gabriele Britz and the former Federal Constitutional Court Judge Prof. Dr. Michael Eichberger exchanged their views with their Jordanian guests before the latter visited the Federal Court of Justice in the afternoon. The judges at the Federal Court of Justice, Dr. Ralph Bünger (Eighth Civil Panel), and Dr. Louisa Bartel (Second Criminal Panel), explained the structure and competences of the Federal Court of Justice. The visit was rounded off by a tour of the court premises.
The focus in all discussions was on the different competences and tasks of a constitutional court and a court of cassation. Both the German and Jordanian structures were intensely discussed, covering organisational and structural aspects of the different courts and also aspects as regards contents, and relating them to each other. The Jordanian judges gained a comprehensive insight into the German and European jurisdiction during the expert discussions with their German colleagues.
The study trip was organised as part of a judicial training project in Jordan running from 2017 to 2019 which is funded by the Federal Foreign Office.