Exchange of experience in Amman on strategies to combat organised crime

Participants in the seminar
Participants in the seminar
Jordan

In cooperation with the Amman Public Prosecutor's Office, the IRZ organised an exchange of experience on the subject of "Combating organised crime" on 22 and 23 June 2019. The seminar was staged with the institutional support of the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection.

The seminar focused on the fight against terrorism, in particular the financing of terrorism, and combating money laundering. From the IRZ, the event was assisted by Senior Public Prosecutor Thomas Junge, Berlin Senior Public Prosecutor at the Berlin General Prosecutor's Office, and Jürgen Maurer, former Vice President of the Federal Criminal Police Office. In their presentations delivered on the first day of the seminar, the experts discussed inter alia the German anti-terror strategy and international conventions to combat the financing of terrorism. For the Jordanians, Judge Ahmad Al Qatarneh of the High Judicial Council addressed in his lecture the problem of dealing with minors accused of terrorist acts. Both sides agreed that they did not have any clear assessment or strategy regarding this matter.

The second day of the event was devoted to the topic of "combating money laundering". The discussion focused in particular on issues relating to the specialisation of law enforcement authorities and organising cooperation between the police, the judiciary and the financial sector. The two Jordanian speakers, Dana Junblat and Sawsan Jarrar, representatives of the Jordanian Central Bank who work in the field of financial analysis and combating money laundering and financing of terrorism, related the challenges facing Jordan in this area in very clear terms. These also include compliance with international agreements on combating money laundering.

The very active participation of all participants on both days of the seminar showed that the topics are of major current importance and subjects of controversial discussion both in Germany and in Jordan. Against this background, the IRZ was requested to carry on with and intensify cooperation in this field.

Regional conference on the protection of fundamental rights in Amman

A view of the conference room
A view of the conference room
Jordan

Together with the Constitutional Court of Jordan, the IRZ organised a regional conference on 10 and 11 April 2019 in Amman on “Constitutional jurisdiction: Responsibilities and tools for the protection of fundamental rights”. As well as Jordanian judges from the Constitutional Court and the Court of Cassation and from other judicial authorities in Jordan, also attending the conference were members of the Constitutional Council of Algeria and of the Constitutional Court of Morocco, members of the Supreme Judicial Council and of the Provisional Authority for the Examination of the Constitutionality of Draft Laws in Tunisia.

The regional conference was opened by the President of the Constitutional Court of Jordan, Judge Hisham Al-Tal. The German Embassy was represented by Dr. Mark Erbel. During their opening speeches, both mentioned the prominent role played by constitutional jurisdiction in a legal system and stressed the responsibility of this court when it comes to safeguarding fundamental rights.

Representing the German side, Prof. Dr. Gabriele Britz, a judge at the German Federal Constitutional Court, and Prof. Dr. Michael Eichberger, a former judge at the German Federal Constitutional Court, reported on German legal practice.

During the two-day conference, the participants discussed the possibilities and instruments for the protection of fundamental rights by a constitutional court. On the second day, procedural restrictions, such as limitation rules, and the restrictions on the protection of fundamental rights in specific circumstances, e.g. where there is a terrorist threat, were also discussed.

The experts from Jordan, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia reported on their own current constitutional court practices and openly discussed the institutional characteristics of the responsible authorities in their own countries.

The lively, animated discussions about the special status held by a constitutional court in jurisdiction and in the justice system and about the court’s responsibility to safeguard citizens’ fundamental rights, showed that the subject was met with a great deal of interest by the participants.

This regional conference took place as part of a Transformation Partnership project on judicial training as a stabilising element of the rule of law in Jordan, which is being supported by the German Foreign Office and coordinated by the IRZ between 2017 and 2019.

Regional conference on Courts of Cassation in Amman

Participants in the regional conference
Participants in the regional conference
Jordan

On 6 and 7 April 2019, the IRZ, in partnership with the Jordanian Court of Cassation, organised a regional conference on “Courts of Cassation and their contribution to the standardisation of case law, with particular consideration paid to the implementation of international guidelines.” Attending the conference were judges from the Jordanian Court of Cassation and from other judicial authorities, as well as judges from the Tunisian and Moroccan Courts of Cassation.

This event took place as part of a Transformation Partnership Project on judicial training as a stabilising element of the rule of law in Jordan, which is being supported by the German Foreign Office and coordinated by the IRZ between 2017 and 2019.

The seminar was opened by the Vice-President of the Jordanian Court of Cassation, Judge Mohamed Ajarmeh, who in his opening speech pointed out the significance of European and international legal structures and their adoption in Jordan.

Prof. Dr. Lutz Strohn and Holger Rothfuß, both of whom are former judges at the German Federal Court of Justice, were appointed by the IRZ to take part in the conference as German experts. Professor Strohn focussed on explaining issues of civil law, including the collaboration between European courts and German supreme courts. Holger Rothfuß emphasised the prominent role of Courts of Cassation in the further development and standardisation of case law and also explained specific procedural matters concerning the activity of the German Federal Court of Justice.

Representatives of the Courts of Cassation of Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia reported on the current practices of their courts and, during panel discussions, discussed the particular importance of the courts when it comes to resolving contradictions in case law, the further development of the law and the resulting legal transparency.

The lively, animated discussions about the various judicial systems and the relationship between national and international law showed that the subject was perceived to be particularly important by the participants from all partner states.