Study visit by the Jordanian prison authorities on "Professional training and education for prison inmates" at the Berlin Law Enforcement department

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Visit by the Jordanian prison authorities to the Heidering penal institution

From 27 to 30 November 2017, a delegation from the Jordanian prison authorities was invited by the IRZ to visit the Berlin Law Enforcement department to learn about "professional training and education for prison inmates". The visit took place within the framework of the institutional grant from the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection (BMJV) and was made possible thanks to the friendly support of the Berlin Senate for Justice and Consumer Protection.

As well as specific information on training and education for prison inmates, the study visit also aimed to provide a cross section of the entire law enforcement system of the Berlin prison authorities. Accordingly, various types of detention facility were selected for the delegation to visit. Under the leadership of the Director of the Jordanian prison authorities, the Jordanian delegation therefore visited JVA Moabit (central remand centre for male prisoners in Berlin), JVA Heidering (closed prison for male prisoners) and the open prison complex on the Robert von Ostertag Straße in Berlin.

The programme for the visit was rounded off with expert discussions at the Law Enforcement department at the Berlin Senate for Justice, Consumer Protection and Anti-discrimination. Here, the delegation was provided with more detailed information about the Berlin prison system, the training, qualification and employment opportunities for prison inmates and issues concerning the recidivism of prison inmates and the use of alternative penal sanctions.

In the individual institutions, the Jordanian guests were given a comprehensive overview of the learning and working facilities. Information on specific procedures in the individual types of correctional facility was also provided, in particular the specific features of pre-trial custody at JVA Moabit. At JVA Heidering, the delegation was given an insight into a correctional facility designed according to the most advanced standards, the comprehensive support and advice services for inmates and the cooperation between the JVA and various external parties (companies and independent organisations). The guests were particularly interested in finding out about the open prison system. This kind of prison does not exist in Jordan and is still viewed critically, mainly because of security considerations.

During all the expert discussions, the delegation showed a particular interest in measures for dealing with Islamic extremists in the Berlin prisons. This presents a major challenge for the Jordanian prison system, in view of the relatively high number of extremists in Jordanian prisons. Within the framework of continued cooperation with the Jordanian prison instiutions, an exchange of expertise on this topic could certainly be of interest.

Regional conference in Amman on the position of the Constitutional Court within the justice system

Participants in the conference. Also present: Judges at the German Federal Constitutional Court, Prof. Dr. Michael Eichberger (1st row, 3rd from left) and Prof. Dr. Gabriele Britz (1st row, centre)
Participants in the conference. Also present: Judges at the German Federal Constitutional Court, Prof. Dr. Michael Eichberger (1st row, 3rd from left) and Prof. Dr. Gabriele Britz (1st row, centre)

On 30 and 31 October 2017, the IRZ in partnership with the Constitutional Court of Jordan organised the third joint multilateral conference in Amman on current topics concerning the practice of constitutional courts. This event took place within the framework of the institutional funding provided by the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection. As in previous years, the IRZ once again involved experts from other partner states in the MENA region. As well as Jordanian and Tunisian constitutional lawyers, judges from the Constitutional Court of Morocco, which was only established this year, were also included for the first time.

The partnership between the IRZ and constitutional courts in the region is also supported by the German Federal Constitutional Court. German Federal Constitutional Court members, Prof. Dr. Michael Eichberger and Prof. Dr. Gabriele Britz, were therefore also able to take part in Amman this year, bringing their German expertise to the event.

The lectures and subsequent discussions at the conference dealt with the following subjects:

  • The interpretation of the constitution by the constitutional court,
  • The validity, implementation and binding effect of constitutional court judgements,
  • Judicial reviews and
  • The role of the constitutional court in the implementation of international agreements in national law.

Procedural matters concerning submissions to the constitutional court were also discussed, as well as fundamental issues concerning individual constitutional complaints.

The multilateral exchange of opinions and experiences was extremely informative and instructive for all participants. This is especially true considering that constitutional jurisdiction is in various phases of activity in the individual partner states of the IRZ. The Constitutional Court of Jordan was set up in 2012, in Morocco it was this year, whilst in Tunisia they still need to introduce a constitutional court based on the already existing constitutional court act of December 2015.

However, all participants from the partner states were in agreement that the activities and experience of the German Federal Constitutional Court could generate extremely valuable momentum for the further expansion and development of constitutional jurisdiction in Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia.

The IRZ will therefore continue the series of multilateral conferences on the subject of constitutional jurisdiction in Jordan and in other partner states in the MENA region.

First Train the Trainer seminar for judges and public prosecutors in Amman

  • Dr. Arnd Weishaupt, a judge at the Higher Regional Court in Düsseldorf and IRZ speaker; Dr. Thaer Al Adwan, Director General of the Judicial Institute of Jordan; Mohamed Montasser Abidi, Head of Section at the IRZ (from left to right)

    Dr. Arnd Weishaupt, a judge at the Higher Regional Court in Düsseldorf and IRZ speaker; Dr. Thaer Al Adwan, Director General of the Judicial Institute of Jordan; Mohamed Montasser Abidi, Head of Section at the IRZ (from left to right)

  • Opening of the seminar

    Opening of the seminar

The long-term cooperation between the IRZ and the Judicial Institute of Jordan (JIJ) continued this year with a Train the Trainer seminar for judges and public prosecutors. The seminar was held in Amman on 22 and 23 May 2017 within the framework of the institutional funding provided by the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection (BMJV). This was the first time an IRZ event in Jordan has focussed exclusively on teaching methodology and educational content.

The participants in the two-day seminar have several years’ experience as trainers and seminar leaders at educational events held by the Judicial Institute of Jordan. The objective of the seminar was to use practical examples to work together on developing strategies for making seminars interesting for participants, leading to lasting learning success.

The seminar was led by Dr. Arnd Weishaupt, speaking on behalf of the IRZ. Dr. Weishaupt is a judge at the Higher Regional Court of Düssedorf and an accredited trainer with many years of teaching experience worldwide. Dr. Weishaupt has already acted as a Train the Trainer specialist in many of the IRZ partner countries.

Using practical examples from  legal cases, the Jordanian participants were informed about

  • The foundations for the effective preparation and organisation of seminars,
  • specific information about teaching content to adults,
  • various teaching methods and
  • the use of media.

All the participants took part in extremely lively discussions and joined in with the experimental elements of the seminar without constraints.  In view of the high status of judges in Jordan, this can in no way be taken for granted and it confirms in particular the ability of the speaker, Dr. Weishaupt, to ensure that the learning objectives were achieved by all the participants at this first event in Jordan.

The feedback from participants and from the Judicial Institute of Jordan was therefore also extremely positive. The Director General of the JIJ, Dr. Thaer Al Adwan, who also took part in the second day of the seminar, emphasised several times that there was a great demand for the continued training and education of seminar leaders in methodology and education. He said that an extension of the cooperation with the IRZ in this area would therefore be very welcome.