- Published: June 1, 2017
Legal Policy Starting Point
The current EU Progress Report for the Republic of Kosovo, which was published in the autumn of 2016, amongst other things attests Kosovo good progress in its reforms of the judicial system. Consequently, the Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the EU and the Republic of Kosovo, which was signed in October 2015 and entered into force on 1 April 2016, and constitutes the first contractual relationship between the EU and the Republic of Kosovo, may also be seen as a success. This Agreement creates an extensive set of rules for closer political dialogue and reciprocal economic relations. This represents an important further step towards assimilation with the EU for the Republic of Kosovo, which was declared to be an official accession candidate country by the EU Commission in 2008 with reference to UN Resolution 1244 (which leaves the final status according to public international law undecided). However, in its report the EU also points out that the judicial administration still does not yet work efficiently enough and that the judicial system faces political fluctuations. In addition to the fight against organised crime, the fight against corruption is one of the central issues repeatedly facing the young Republic. Although various mechanisms for the prosecution of corruption were amongst other things used at different levels and are acknowledged in the EU Progress Report, corruption remains a serious problem in many spheres of public life. Whereas the Kosovo government has undertaken much to fight corruption in the country with its anti-corruption strategy which continues in 2017, a strong political will to deal with this problem in an extensive way remains indispensable. The Minister of Justice, Dhurata Hoxha, who has been in office since July 2016, has announced that a new strategy for judicial reform will be prepared in order to make further progress with the reforms in future years.
Kosovo has been a partner state for the IRZ since 2001. In the past 15 years, numerous bilateral measures were organized and successfully implemented. In addition to measures in the bilateral cooperation, the IRZ also implements numerous EU Projects in the country (see page 104 et seq.). In the course of workshops, seminars, study trips and discussions, the IRZ intensified its existing contacts to partners like the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kosovo, the Ministry of Justice and the Faculty of Law at the University of Pristina. In 2016, contacts were also established with the newly founded Kosovo Prosecutorial Council and UNICEF Kosovo.
Foci of Activity 2016
Constitutional Law / Human Rights and their Enforceability
- Workshop in Thessaloniki, Greece, entitled “Anti-corruption” with judges of the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kosovo
- Seminar in Pristina entitled “Dealing with the media, constitutional procedure law and the protection of human rights together with the new case-law of the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights” for academic staff and judges of the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kosovo
- Lecture entitled “Common Tendencies of Constitutional Law in Europe” in cooperation with the University of Pristina for law students at the University of Pristina and an ensuing roundtable with judges of the Kosovo Constitutional Court
Administration of Justice
- Fact-finding mission over several days by a German expert at the Kosovo Prosecutorial Council to clarify the specific requirement for consultation
- Initial exploratory talks between the Kosovo Minister of Justice and the IRZ on consultations in preparing a Civil Code for Kosovo
Criminal Law and Penitentiary Law
- Study trip by a delegation of the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kosovo and representatives of UNICEF Kosovo on the issue of “Juvenile jurisdiction” with visits to the Lower Saxony Ministry of Justice, Göttingen District Court and the Göttingen open youth prison
- Working meeting between staff of UNICEF Kosovo and the IRZ to discuss future cooperation in the field of juvenile jurisdiction
Basic and Further Training
- Participation by three law students of the Faculty of Law of the University of Pristina at the IRZ “German law” summer school in Brühl and Bonn
EU Twinning Projects
- Further Support to Legal Education Reform
- Improving the Approximation of Laws and Coherence of the Legal Framework
- Strengthening the Correctional and Probation Services in Kosovo
- Strengthening Policy Formulation and Legislative Drafting
As in previous years, bilateral cooperation with the existing partner institutions is also intended to be continued in 2017. Various projects are once again in planning with established partners such as the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kosovo, the Faculty of Law of the University of Pristina and the Ministry of Justice. In addition, projects with new partners such as the Kosovo Prosecutorial Council or UNICEF Kosovo are also planned. In all probability, the IRZ will also advise the Kosovo Ministry of Justice on the drafting of a Civil Code. Initial discussions on this took place between the Kosovo Minister of Justice and the IRZ in Pristina at the end of 2016. Consultation is set to commence at the start of 2017.
Download the entire IRZ annual report in PDF format here: annual report 2016.