- Published: August 3, 2018
Team leader: Dr. Stefanos Kareklas
Responsible at the IRZ: Angela Schmeink, Angela Lummel
Since 2014 the EU has funded a large-scale project for the promotion of the rule of law in Kyrgyzstan.
Whereas the first phase until the end of April 2018 was funded with EUR 9.5 million, phase 2 from May 2018 will seamlessly continue the project until 2022 with a total volume of EUR 12.2 million and lift it to a higher programme level. As in phase 1, the programme is being implemented by a consortium led by the GIZ. The IRZ as the second-largest partner makes a major contribution with two long-term experts. The long-term experts cover the topics of court organisation, e-justice and legislation and are supported in their work by short-term experts from Germany and other countries.
In phase 2 the objectives of the programme have been extended. They now not only comprise the reinforcement of a justice and court system governed by the rule of law and support in the field of legislation, but there is also a special focus on the strengthening of the public prosecutors' offices. The reform efforts of the Kyrgyz government and the state institutions supported by the project are directed towards increasing the effectiveness of judicial administration, creating transparency and credibility within judicial and court structures as well as fighting corruption. The main areas of focus of the IRZ component comprise the modernisation of the operation of the courts, including the introduction of a system of electronic files and court information and court management (e-justice), as well as legislative reforms.
As an example, the activities at the end of the first phase should be mentioned, which focused mainly on the implementation of previously developed improvement measures and training courses for legal practitioners, also including a practical orientation. In the year under review, another study trip was organised for ten Kyrgyz legislative experts to Berlin and Potsdam. In total, the IRZ component has provided further training for more than 300 members of the civil service, lawyers and university lecturers in the field of legislative technique during the project’s term. With the assignment of a German short-term expert the preparations for the development of a software have started which is to support legislative work digitally. Alongside the development of this programme, the IRZ component will provide a digital platform for public consultation on legislative drafts.
In the field of judicial administration, extensive expertise was provided for a working group developing an evaluation system for judges. In the summer of the year under review, a draft of the new system, including the legal acts required for its implementation, could be presented as a result which is currently being reviewed. Furthermore, the project contributed greatly to developing and publishing a handbook for presidents of courts dealing with practical questions of judicial administration, which will also serve as a basis for training measures in the future.
On the subject of e-justice, the introduction of an electronic court file management system at three pilot courts deserves a mention. In phase 2 this system is to be functionally expanded with support from the programme and is to be introduced step-by-step in all courts. The project team has also successfully advised the government of the Kyrgyz Republic on drafting a handbook on the legal formality of sub-legislative norms and has begun preparations for the digitisation of the legislative process.
In phase 2 in-depth knowledge of the above IRZ focus areas is to be gained and they are to be expanded.