National specialist conference with an audience of experts held in Chișinău to mark the occasion of the approval of the Moldovan Administrative Code

Participants in the specialist conference in Chişinău
Participants in the specialist conference in Chişinău
Moldova

On 21 November 2018, the IRZ, together with the Moldovan Ministry of Justice, the Supreme Court and the Moldavian Parliamentary Committee on Legal Affairs organised a conference to mark the approval and introduction of the Administrative Code in the Republic of Moldova. The significance of administrative jurisdiction, the specialisation of administrative judges and other aspects of the new Administrative Code were discussed.

IRZ experts, Rolf Hüffer, former President of the Higher Administrative Court of Bavaria, Georg Schmidt, President of the Administrative Court of Trier, and Klaus Hage, Presiding Judge at the Administrative Court of Minden, explained the significance of the Administrative Code to more than 70 participants in the conference, as well as the need for improving the protection and guarantee of citizens’ basic rights and fundamental freedoms and the importance of the independent judicial monitoring of state activity. The Administrative Code formulates the legal requirements for the actions of the administration and outlines a concept for developing a functioning, independent public jurisdiction.

The aim of the event was to encourage an exchange of opinions on administrative procedural and administrative process law and to promote understanding of the Administrative Code. This is a complex and extensive topic, which has led to controversial debates in the Republic of Moldova in the past. The Administrative Code was approved after more than ten years of consultancy work on 19 July 2018 and enters into force on 1 April 2019.

A series of practical training seminars on the implementation of the Administrative Code and on the specialisation of administrative judges will follow on from this specialist conference. These seminars are aimed at officials from local and central authorities, future administrative judges and lawyers specialising in administrative procedures to help them prepare for the consistent application of the new Administrative Code.

Practice-oriented training seminar and expert discussions on the establishment of individual enforcement plans held in Gojan and Chișinău

Participants and the expert during the expert discussions
Participants and the expert during the expert discussions
Moldova

Working in cooperation with the Moldovan Ministry of Justice and the prison service, the IRZ organised practice-oriented training seminars in the cities of Gojan and Chișinău on 7 and 9 November 2018. These seminars were aimed at training psychologists from Moldovan prisons in the establishment of individual enforcement plans and to prepare for their work in admissions departments. The practical part was followed in each case by expert discussions on the implementation of reforms in the Moldovan prison system.

The advice from the IRZ on these reforms is part of a long-term partnership in the area of prison reform in the Republic of Moldova. A twinning project, which the IRZ led over several years as the responsible institution in the Republic of Moldova, was also part of this long-lasting cooperation, which will now also include intensive support with legislation.

At the start of the training seminar, IRZ expert Silvia Sibyll Hawliczek, Prison Director at the young offenders’ institution in Berlin, provided a short overview of the penal system in Germany, in particular the organisation of admissions departments in prisons. She went on to present an introduction to the topic of diagnosis and prognosis in criminal offences. Afterwards, participants could work in groups to process authentic cases of various criminal offences.

The establishment of individual enforcement plans was one of the first important components of the training course for law enforcement psychologists. However, there continues to be a considerable requirement, since the training takes place over several years before qualification.

The IRZ will organise follow-up events on this subject next year.

Seminar on legislative procedures held during the second Youth Parliament in Moldova

Dr. Birgit Grundmann (1st row, centre), former State Secretary, with participants in the seminar in Chişinău
Dr. Birgit Grundmann (1st row, centre), former State Secretary, with participants in the seminar in Chişinău
Moldova

On 21 October 2018, the IRZ together with the NGO Invento, a network of young people, the Hans Seidel Foundation in the Republic of Moldova, the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova and the American Embassy in Moldova, organised a seminar on legislative procedures as part of the annual Youth Parliament held in Moldova.

The aim of the Youth Parliament was to give its participants a better understanding of the principles and rules of democracy and to encourage their awareness of the rule of law. The main focus of the seminar was on pointing out the tools of legislative procedures and showing the participants how to draw up precise and complete draft legislation on a topic of their choice. Legislative procedures were brought to light in a practical way, using up-to-date examples. This event also helped to strengthen civil society in the Republic of Moldova. With these objectives in mind, the participants were given the appropriate training on legislative procedures and techniques. The advantage here was that legislative procedures and techniques in Moldova show some similarities with the German procedure.

Representing the German side at the seminar was Dr. Birgit Grundmann, a lawyer and former State Secretary at the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection.

The IRZ also plans to organise follow-up events on legislative procedures next year and the partnership with Invento is set to continue.