Two participants in the expert discussion with Uwe Stark (1st row, 2nd from left), Judge at the Local Court of Siegen, Grigore Moga (1st row, 3rd from left), Head of the Main Investigation Authority, Walter Selter (on his right), former Public Prosecutor General, Hans-Dieter Hilken (2nd row, in the middle), former Head of Criminal Investigations
Participants in the expert discussion with Uwe Stark (1st row, 2nd from left), Judge at the Local Court of Siegen, Grigore Moga (1st row, 3rd from left), Head of the Main Investigation Authority, Walter Selter (on his right), former Public Prosecutor General, Hans-Dieter Hilken (2nd row, in the middle), former Head of Criminal Investigations

On 4 and 5 December 2017 the IRZ, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Association of Judges of the Republic of Moldova and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Moldova jointly organised an expert discussion among representatives of the police, the public prosecutor’s office and the judiciary.

The topics of this expert discussion were on the one hand the legal framework conditions for carrying out public meetings and the principles laid down in the constitution to guarantee the fundamental right of freedom of association as well as its significance for a democratic community.

On the other hand, an intensive exchange of experience took place on the possibilities which the police and the law enforcement authorities have to ensure that demonstrations are carried out peacefully and to prevent violence in advance as well as to respond effectively to violent attacks and criminal offences committed among the crowd of demonstrators, identify the troublemakers or offenders and process the case to prosecution.

Therefore, not only police deployment and de-escalation strategies were presented, but also the procedure for preventive police measures and repressive detention measures, the requirements for criminal prosecution and the cooperation between the police, the public prosecutor's offices, the courts and the media.

The German experts participating on behalf of the IRZ were Walter Selter, former Public Prosecutor General; Hans-Dieter Hilken, former Head of Criminal Investigations, and Uwe Stark, Judge at the Local Court of Siegen.