Moldova - annual report 2018

High-level delegation from the Republic of Moldova visiting Berlin after adoption of the Administrative Code: Raisa Apolschii, Member of Parliament, Chair of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the Moldovan Parliament, Ion Druţă, President of the Supreme Court, Christiane Wirtz, State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, Igor Vremea, Member of Parliament, Member of the Committee on Legal Affairs (at the front, from left to right)
High-level delegation from the Republic of Moldova visiting Berlin after adoption of the Administrative Code: Raisa Apolschii, Member of Parliament, Chair of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the Moldovan Parliament, Ion Druţă, President of the Supreme Court, Christiane Wirtz, State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, Igor Vremea, Member of Parliament, Member of the Committee on Legal Affairs (at the front, from left to right)

Strategic Framework

Legal Policy Starting Point

The EU Association Agreement that entered into force in July 2016 provides the foundation for the reforms that are necessary for a European integration of the Republic of Moldova, although stronger indications of a rapprochement with Russia have returned since election of the Moldovan State President in 2016. Of particular significance in this regard are operative instruments that promote democracy and rule of law, as well as mechanisms to strengthen the independence of the judiciary and to prevent corruption through transparent and effective criminal prosecution, also and especially in cases such as the bank scandal that has been smouldering since 2014. Moreover, it is important to ensure the greater involvement of civil organisations, particularly those with young legal professionals. Legal and judicial reforms are especially challenging for all stakeholders in this complex and multi-layered political situation. Originally scheduled for late 2018, parliamentary elections are now planned in spring 2019. It remains to be seen whether these elections will provide impetus for reforms.

Overall Concept

Within this situation, the IRZ uses the available methods of technical counselling and suitable further training of all legal professionals in an attempt to support legal and judicial reforms in the Republic of Moldova and in doing so to contribute to strengthening the rule of law. Cooperation during the reporting year prioritised the fields of administrative procedure law and administrative court procedure law, including the introduction of administrative court jurisdiction integrated within the jurisdiction of the ordinary courts, reform of criminal procedure law and, in consequence, of penitentiary law. An Administrative Code, comprising a general part, an administrative procedure law part and an administrative court procedure law part, was adopted in 2018 and will enter into force on 1 April 2019 after more than ten years of cooperation. Among the priorities of the IRZ‘s work will be to provide basic and further training for the future administrative judges, as well as civil servants and students. Counselling on the reform of criminal procedure law has not yet been completed and will be continued, while advice on penitentiary law is in its early stages. The strategy paper developed by the Moldovan Ministry of Justice in 2016 set out systematic reform ideas for the period from 2016 to 2020. The IRZ has been asked to provide technical assistance in this regard. A new penitentiary administration act entered into force in June 2018. In addition, the law on penitentiary system requires amendment. The IRZ also cooperates in EU projects in the Republic of Moldova, in which it attempts to provide technical support for legal and judicial reforms and to ensure they reach a successful conclusion.

Foci of Activity in 2018

Civil and Commercial Law

  • Conference on the Moldovan Civil Code with the State University in Chişinău
  • Preparation of a manual on relational and judgement technique

Administration of Justice

  • Conference on the current status of notarial law in Moldova and on the establishment of a Chamber of Notaries in Chişinău

Criminal Law and Penitentiary Law

  • Third working meeting in Chişinău to discuss the prepared textual amendments of the Moldovan Code of Criminal Procedure
  • Expert talks on the legislative amendments in criminal procedure law with a wider professional audience in Chişinău
  • Practical further training in Chişinău on the efficient investigation of white-collar crime involving offshore companies, prioritising undercover investigation measures
  • Basic training for penitentiary staff at the intake department in Gojan
  • Conclave and expert talk in Chişinău to discuss the new draft legislation for Moldovan penitentiary law
  • Conference in Chişinău by the General Prosecutor’s Office on the role of the criminal prosecution authorities

Public Law

  • Expert talk on the third part of the Administrative Code (administrative court procedure law) in Chişinău
  • Working visit by a Moldovan delegation to the administrative court jurisdiction in Berlin and Leipzig
  • National conference in Chişinău attended by members of the legal professions to mark adoption of the Moldovan Administrative Code
  • First further training measure in Chişinău to implement the Administrative Code
  • Second further training measure in Chişinău to implement the Administrative Code

Basic and Further Training

  • Study trip by young lawyers to Bonn and Cologne on the issue of “Basics of the judicial system in Germany“, organised in cooperation with the Hanns Seidel Foundation
  • Research trip in Cologne and Düsseldorf by a Board member of the Moldovan NGO Invento to study the resocialisation of criminal adolescents
  • Further training seminar for Moldovan public prosecutors in the field of press and media, organised in cooperation with the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) in Chişinău, Bălţi and Cahul.
  • Seminar on legislation technique in cooperation with the Hanns Seidel Foundation during the second Youth Parliament in Chişinău

Projects funded by the European Union

EU Technical Assistance project: Support to the Police Reform in the Republic of Moldova

Working under the Belgian lead partner B&S, the IRZ has been involved in implementing the project “Support to the Police Reform in the Republic of Moldova“ since October 2018. The project is scheduled to run for 38 months and has a budget of just over €2.7 million. The aim is to harmonise the work of the Moldovan police force with European and international standards. Work focuses on the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the General Inspectorate of Police as the beneficiary authorities. The content of the project builds in some areas on the project “Support to the Pre-Trial Investigation, Prosecution and Defence Set-Up“, which the IRZ implemented as lead organisation until early 2017.

The project focuses on the following areas, among others: increasing the efficiency, transparency and professionalism of the police force; support for a transparent recruitment and promotions procedure; improvements in the basic and further training of police officers and police enforcement as well as cooperation between the agencies; support for the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the General Inspectorate of Police in public relations and education; as well as internal planning and budgeting procedures.

EU Twinning project: Capacity Building of the National Centre for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Moldova

This Twinning project has been implemented by the IRZ and the Latvian Ministry of Justice as junior partner since October 2017. Scheduled to run for 24 months, the project has a total budget of €1 million.

It seeks to support the National Centre for Data Protection of the Republic of Moldova (NCPDP) in the harmonisation of personal data protection and privacy with the legal frameworks and standards that apply in the EU. They have changed fundamentally since introduction of the EU General Data Protection Regulation in May 2018. Moreover, attempts are under way to safeguard the sharing of data between EU Member States and the Republic of Moldova, among other things by implementing EU Directive 2016/680 on the processing of personal data.

The project is divided into three components, in which the following objectives were achieved during the reporting year:

  • Harmonisation of national legislation in the field of personal data protection with EU Acquis | A new law for the protection of personal data was drafted following a comparative analysis. Planned adoption of this draft legislation in Moldovan law is intended to place the future work of the NCPDP on a solid legal footing. This is an important precondition for the exchange of personal data between Moldova and the EU Member States.
  • Support of the NCPDP and other relevant institutions in the implementation of the new Data Protection Act | The necessary measures will continue in the second half of the project. This will include familiarising the NCPDP staff with investigative and complaints procedures.
  • Raising awareness within the general public and among persons who verify and process data | Communication measures designed for the general public, further training and workshops for the private sector, media and NCPDP staff are intended to help convey a positive impression of the NCPDP‘s role in the country and to raise awareness for the issue of data protection in general. Events are also planned to take place in the regions as a means of addressing the widest possible audience. It is imperative that the various stakeholders enjoy trust and acceptance within Moldovan society in order to ensure that the work of the NCPDP is successful and to foster the sustainability of the project.

Outlook

The further training measures for legal professionals to implement the Administrative Code will continue in 2019. Necessary advice on the Code of Criminal Procedure, especially further training seminars on criminal procedure law, will also extend into the new year. Cooperation with the Moldovan Department of Penitentiary Institutions will be expanded within the framework of the strategy paper for reform of the penitentiary system and will, in future, include counselling on draft legislation and progressive execution of sentence. Moreover, the IRZ will make efforts to rebuild its earlier cooperation with Moldovan partners on lawyers‘ notarial law. The practical further training of judges at civil and criminal courts, possibly also the Constitutional Court, will be continued as well in order to increase the quality and transparency of adjudications.

Moldova - annual report 2017

Round-table discussion and public hearing before the second reading of the Administrative Code with representatives of the Parliament and NGOs at the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova: Georg Schmidt, President of the Administrative Court of Trier; Dr. Stefan Hülshörster, Director of the IRZ; Rolf Hüffer, former President of the Higher Administrative Court of Bavaria (from left to right)
Round-table discussion and public hearing before the second reading of the Administrative Code with representatives of the Parliament and NGOs at the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova: Georg Schmidt, President of the Administrative Court of Trier; Dr. Stefan Hülshörster, Director of the IRZ; Rolf Hüffer, former President of the Higher Administrative Court of Bavaria (from left to right)

Legal Policy Situation

Not only since the signing of the Association Agreement with the EU in June 2014, which entered into full force in July 2016, Moldova, which is also part of the EU’s Eastern Partnership, has been endeavouring to implement the ambitious structural reforms that it has committed itself to within the framework of the Agreement. The Republic of Moldova is thus moving closer to the EU, on the one hand, but on the other hand, after the election of a new President at the end of 2016, Moldova is divided between rapprochement with the EU and a Russia-friendly policy. At the beginning of 2017, there was talk of a possible annulment of the Association Agreement, however, the Moldovan government emphasised its determination to continue on the road to Europe. The forthcoming parliamentary elections in the autumn of next year will show whether and to what extent the Europe-oriented reform course is to be continued.

Overall Concept

Cooperation with the partner institutions in the Republic of Moldova continued to be intensified also in 2017 and was advanced with particular commitment. With grants from the Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection and project funding from the Federal Foreign Office, numerous specialist events were held, particularly in the areas of the reform of criminal procedure law, administrative law, notarial law and the legal profession. One of the focal points was the consultation on the reform of criminal procedure law, not least at the special request of the Moldovan Deputy Minister of Justice. In this context, the IRZ has facilitated numerous consultations and working meetings, and the German experts have issued expert opinions on this subject on several occasions. Work in Moldova also focused on drafting an administrative code consisting of a general part, a part with an administrative procedure law and a third part with an administrative process law. After many years of preparatory work, the draft code was now presented to Parliament in a first reading and, together with representatives of the Moldovan Parliament’s Committee on Legal Affairs, was moved along and further revised between the first and second reading. Against this backdrop, the further training of future administrative judges has been stepped up and will continue to receive more attention also in the future. In the third focal area of advanced training and the promotion of junior lawyers, very practice-oriented advanced training courses were carried out tailored to judges and the public prosecutor’s office and this in cooperation with the National Institute of Justice. And there was an additional course of study at the State University for the promotion of junior lawyers. Furthermore, the IRZ cooperated closely with the Constitutional Court. In addition to this work, the IRZ has been involved in various EU projects the subjects of which fit well into the IRZ portfolio.

Foci of Activity 2017

Constitutional Law/Human Rights and their Enforceability

  • International Conference at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova in Chișinău
  • Expert discussion on the collaboration of constitutional bodies in Chișinău

Civil and Commercial Law

  • Further training in relational and judgement technology in Chișinău

Public Law

  • Discussions with experts on drafting the Moldovan Administrative Code in Chișinău
  • Closed conference on the Administrative Code in Hanover
  • Expert conference on administrative law in Chișinău
  • Second round table with representatives of Parliament and civil society on the amendments and recasting of the Administrative Code between first and second reading of the draft law in the Parliament in Chișinău
  • Closed conference on the Administrative Code in Bonn
  • Closed conference on the Administrative Code in Minden and Bückeburg
  • Participation in the conference of European judges’ associations on judicial reform and the integrity of justice in Chișinău

Criminal and Penitentiary Law

  • Information visit by the Deputy Minister of Justice of the Republic of Moldova to Bonn, Cologne and Düsseldorf on the reform of criminal procedure law
  • Assessment of parts of the Moldovan Criminal Procedure Act as a basis for the forthcoming reform consultations
  • First working session on the planned changes in Moldovan criminal procedure law in Chișinău
  • Second working session on reform of the Criminal Procedure Act in Chișinău
  • Third working session on the reform project in criminal procedure law in Chișinău
  • Round table with representatives of the police, Public Prosecutor’s Office and judges on initiating and organising criminal proceedings and on the distribution of powers of jurisdiction
  • Expert discussion on costs in criminal proceedings and the role of the Public Prosecutor’s Office in Chișinău
  • Expert discussion and seminar on the status of reforms in penitentiary law and the preparation of individual penitentiary plans in Chișinău
  • Further training on the interrogation of witnesses in Chișinău
  • Further training on fact-finding and the assessment of evidence in ChișinăuFurther training on the working methods of criminal judges for the judges and Public Prosecutor’s Office in Chișinău
  • Further training for the staff of the Anti-Corruption Agency in Chișinău
  • “Moot Court” in criminal procedure law in Chișinău
  • Participation of a German expert in a conference of the Moldovan General Prosecutor’s Office in Chișinău

Basic and Further Training

  • Accompanying studies on the introduction to German and European law at the State University in Chișinău
  • Research stay at the University of Bonn for a scholarship holder undertaking such accompanying studies
  • Methodology “Train-the-Trainer” (basic and advanced seminar) in Chișinău

Projects financed by the European Union

EU Technical Assistance Project: Support to the Pre-Trial Investigation, Prosecution and the Defence Set-Up in Moldova

In the spring of 2017, this EU-funded project was successfully completed over a period of 30 months. Among other things, the project developed a draft amendment to the Public Prosecutor’s Act as well as relevant implementing provisions within the framework of the first component “Legislative consultation, strengthening the institutional capacity of criminal law authorities”. The new law has been in force since August 2016 and the most important changes concern the selection of the Prosecutor General, who will henceforth be proposed by a Council of Prosecutors. The project has also advised on the drafting of a code of ethics for the Public Prosecutor’s Office and a law on the organisation of the General Prosecutor’s Office. In addition to the General Prosecutor’s Office, there will only be two specialised public prosecutors’ offices: in the field of anti-corruption and the fight against organised crime. The project has also developed recommendations on anti-corruption measures and the establishment of an anti-corruption department. In 2017, tailor-made further training seminars and training courses for prosecutors and investigating magistrates in the areas of investigation methods, forensics and tax fraud were also held as part of the second component. In order to improve the dialogue between civil society, the Public Prosecutor’s Office, the police and journalists, the project also organised three round tables. Furthermore, it initiated a very well received English course for members of the prosecution service. As part of the implementation of the third component of the project “Strengthening public confidence”, three surveys on criminal law were carried out with different target groups and their results presented. The interviewees for this survey included people involved in criminal proceedings, members of the general public and owners of small and medium-sized enterprises. The project also provided support for the development of communication strategies and for public appearances. Finally, three study visits were made to Romania and Sweden on topics such as electronic case management, work methodology and implementation of anti-corruption strategies.

EU Technical Assistance Project: Support to the Constitutional Court of Moldova

This project with a volume of almost EUR 1.4 million ended in September 2017 after a period of 19 months. The four-member international team of experts supported the Moldovan Constitutional Court in its efforts to improve the internal organisation of the court and to restructure the working and research methods, in particular of its academic staff. This was done, among other things, by means of training courses on the methodological working methods and a series of further training courses on the interpretation of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and established European constitutional courts as well as on the recommendations of the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe. In addition, the judges of the Moldovan Constitutional Court visited the Council of Europe and the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg, the Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe and the Lithuanian Constitutional Court in Vilnius. In doing so, they were able to exchange information with their colleagues on the different workflows and on the interaction between the European and national levels. In the legislative consultation component, two project experts were represented in the Commission of the Ministry of Justice, that had to draw up proposals for the revision of the law on the Constitutional Court. This legislative reform could not be completed during the course of the project. Many activities also served to improve the court’s public relations strategy. For example, seminars were held for employees of non-governmental organizations and journalists in order to improve the quality of Moldovan media coverage of the Constitutional Court. The last Steering Committee meeting and the closing event in September 2017 made it clear how positively the project was assessed by all sides. The Lithuanian Constitutional Court and the German School of Law in Warsaw participated in this project as consortium partners.

EU Twinning Project: Capacity Building of the National Centre for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Moldova

This Twinning project is being carried out in cooperation with the Latvian Ministry of Justice as a junior partner and the National Centre for Data Protection of the Republic of Moldova. It started on 2 October 2017 and has a duration of 24 months. The project has a budget of EUR 1 million. The overall objective of the project is to secure personal data protection and privacy in Moldova in accordance with the legal framework and EU standards. Furthermore, the exchange of data between EU Member States and Moldova is to be secured from May 2018, when the EU General Data Protection Regulation enters into force and Directive 2016/680 has to be introduced into national law by EU Member States. The project consists of three components:

  • Harmonisation of national legislation in the field of personal data protection with the EU Acquis, including the provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation and the EU Directive 2016/680. The current legal situation in the Republic of Moldova is being reviewed and compared with the two EU regulations. A draft law and a strategic plan for the years 2020 to 2022 are to be drawn up.
  • Support of the National Centre for Personal Data Protection and other relevant institutions in the implementation of the new Data Protection Act still to be drafted. A code of conduct for those who gather and process data will be designed and a “Train-the-Trainer” programme will be implemented. The handling of violations of data protection regulations is also practiced.
  • Raising awareness of the public and of persons who verify and process data with regard to the regulations of the General Data Protection Regulation and the EU Directive 2016/680.

Outlook

The IRZ will continue its deliberations, in particular on the Administrative Code and the Criminal Procedure Act and will also provide advisory support at the parliamentary level. In April 2017, the Moldovan Ministry of Justice presented the strategy paper on the development of the penitentiary system for the period 2016 to 2020, which was approved by the government in December 2016. The IRZ will support the reform projects in the penitentiary sector on the basis of the advice already given on the Criminal Procedure Act and an earlier EU Twinning-Project and will consult to the Moldovan partners. Furthermore, events on the topics of constitutional law, legal further training and legislative techniques are planned. After the adoption of the Administrative Code and, possibly, of the Criminal Procedure Act, the necessary consultations on the implementation of the law will be vigorously pursued.

Moldova - annual report 2016

Opening speech by the Deputy Minister of Justice Anatolie Munteanu (2nd from right) at the seminar “Cooperation of the criminal prosecution bodies and improvement in the effectiveness of criminal prosecution” in Chișinău

Opening speech by the Deputy Minister of Justice Anatolie Munteanu (2nd from right) at the seminar “Cooperation of the criminal prosecution bodies and improvement in the effectiveness of criminal prosecution” in Chișinău

Strategic Framework

Legal Policy Starting Point

Germany is an important partner for the Republic of Moldova on its course towards Europe. In spite of continuing disputes about the right path, the Association Agreement with the EU has entered into force and could supply further impetus for legal reforms. Consultations carried out by the IRZ in the Republic of Moldova since 2005 to support the transformation and the reforms of the law and the judiciary are also highly valued in spite of all controversial domestic discussions and approaches to solutions, because German substantive law and procedural law have a role model function, particularly in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The legal policy discussion in the reporting year was influenced by criminal proceedings against the former Prime Minister and the election of the State President scheduled for the end of October 2016, who will henceforth once again be directly elected on the basis of a judgment from the Constitutional Court in the spring of 2016. In addition, other important topics in focus in the reporting year were the passing of a new statute on the Public Prosecutor’s Office and the consequent restructuring of the Moldovan Public Prosecutor’s Office. Last but not least, imponderables in connection with the long-delayed replacement appointment to the office of the Public Prosecutor General came into focus.

Overall Concept

In the reporting year, work was once again carried out with the support of grants from the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection and project funds from the German Federal Foreign Office. The IRZ’s efforts, which have partly continued for years, have for instance been considerably intensified for the spheres of constitutional court jurisdiction, judicial reform and the Public Prosecutor’s Office by three projects financed by the EU.

One clear focus in 2016 was on cooperation with the judicial institutions with regard to practice-oriented further training for civil judges and criminal judges. Although an Administrative Code has still not been passed in spite of preliminary work over many years which has received specialist support from the IRZ, a draft of this Code has at least been introduced into Parliament. It remains to be seen whether and when this will be passed. Preparation of future administrative judges has nevertheless begun by further training in various spheres of administrative law and procedural law in advance of their new tasks. Even if an Administrative Code were not passed in the foreseeable future, administrative court proceedings will increase in future in the Republic of Moldova.

The IRZ also commenced consultations on the reformation of the criminal procedure law in particular at the special request of the Deputy Minister of Justice of the Republic of Moldova.

Last but not least, there was also great continued interest in the supplementary studies on the introduction to German law with its European references, which were started in 2014, in cooperation with the Faculty of Law at the State University in the reporting year.

Foci of Activity 2016

Constitutional Law / Human Rights and their Enforceability

  • Specialist discussions in Chişinău at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova on judicial review
  • Constitutional law conference in Chişinău on the topic “The role of the Constitutional Court in resolving constitutional law crises” Civil and Commercial Law
  • Research visit by a scholarship student of the supplementary studies course at the University of Bonn focusing on corporate and cartel law
  • Participation by a German expert at the conference in Chişinău on the topic of “Employment law jurisdiction” in cooperation with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation
  • Two further training seminars in Chişinău for judges on “Relational technique and judgment-writing technique in civil law”
  • Moot court in Chişinău on the topic “Civil procedure law maxims and the course of proceedings in civil procedure”
  • Cooperation in the conference in Chişinău at the State University of Moldova on international private law

Administration of Justice

  • Opening speech by the Deputy Minister of Justice Anatolie Munteanu (2nd from right) at the seminar “Cooperation of the criminal prosecution bodies and improvement in the effectiveness of criminal prosecution” in Chișinău
  • Expert report on the draft of the Moldovan Lawyers’ Code of Ethics and specialist discussions on the ethics of lawyers in Chişinău
  • Working visit in Trier, Cologne and Recklinghausen by the Moldovan National Institute of Justice for basic and further training of lawyers, in particular judges
  • Conference of the Judges’ Associations in Chişinău
  • Advice on the Chamber of Notaries‘ system in Chişinău
  • Contribution to the conference in Kiev on the topic “Further development of the law” at the Supreme Court of the Ukraine

Public Law

  • Two further training courses on administrative law in Chişinău
  • Convention in Trier on the Moldovan Administrative Code (Code of Administrative Court Procedure and Administrative Procedures Act) in Trier
  • Practice-oriented exchange of experience for future Moldovan administrative judges in Bonn, Koblenz and Brühl

Criminal Law and Penitentiary Law

  • Specialist discussions at the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Moldova in the course of consultations on draft legislation on the liability of colleague organs in Chişinău
  • Presentation of a study on alternatives to investigative custody in cooperation with the Soros Foundation in Chişinău
  • Specialist discussions on the topic of compliance with the national Moldovan anti-corruption authority in Chişinău
  • Seminar on the topic of ascertaining findings of fact and evaluating evidence in criminal proceedings in Chişinău
  • Seminar in Chişinău on the topic “Cooperation in criminal prosecution”
  • Consultation on the reform of the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the course of specialist discussions and legal impact assessment
  • Seminar in Chişinău on “Working methods of a criminal court judge”
  • Moot court in Chişinău on the topic “Criminal law procedure maxims and the course of proceedings in criminal procedure”
  • Specialist discussions and further training for representatives of the criminal prosecution organs focusing on “The repressive fight against corruption” in Chişinău

Basic and Further Training

  • Supplementary studies providing an introduction to German and European law at the State University of the Republic of Moldova
  • Two seminars on method technique: ”Train the trainers” (basic and advanced course) in Chişinău
  • Participation by a student at the Summer School on Intellectual Property at the University of Bonn
  • German course in Chişinău for representatives of the National Anti-Corruption Authority
  • Participation by young lawyers at the sixth IRZ “German law” summer school in Brühl and Bonn

EU Projects

Outlook

The entire sphere of further training for judges will continue to play an important role in the cooperation with the Republic of Moldova in future. There is still a great requirement for action and further training in the technique and structure of the work of judges. At the express request of the Deputy Minister of Justice, consultations on the reform of criminal procedure law will probably receive greater attention in future. If Parliament passes the draft of an Administrative Code, the IRZ will also continue consultations on this and cooperate in its implementation. Legislative consultation on other individual reform projects will continue to form the focus of attention, together with the issues of legislative technique and legislative impact assessment already dealt with in the past. The cooperation in the sphere of the precautionary administration of justice, in particular with notaries and lawyers, will be continued. The study course on the introduction to German law at the State University has been very well received by the Faculty of Law and students alike, and will also be continued.

Download the entire IRZ annual report in PDF format here: annual report 2016.