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On 5 December 2017 the kick-off meeting on the twinning project “Strengthening the capacities of the National Center for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Moldova” took place at the National Art Museum in Chişinău, Republic of Moldova.
The keynote speeches were given by:
Eduard Raducan, Director of the National Center for Personal Data Protection,
Peter Michalko, Ambassador of the European Union to the Republic of Moldova,
Florian Seitz, Deputy Head of the German Embassy in the Republic of Moldova,
Raivis Kronbergs, State Secretary of the Latvian Ministry of Justice,
Vladimir Vitiuc, Deputy President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova, and
Katharina Tegeder, Coordination EU Twinning and Action Grants at the IRZ.
The EU-financed project has a volume of 1 million euros. The Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für Datenschutz Schleswig-Holstein (Independent Center of Data Protection of Schleswig Holstein) and the Latvian Ministry of Justice will be the major partners implementing this project during the next two years.
The aim of the twinning project is to support the Republic of Moldova in the further implementation of the EU Association Agreement with the Republic of Moldova.
Besides an approximation of the Moldovan legislation to EU law in data protection – above all in view of EU Regulation 2016/679 – this project also aims at providing support in the further development of the National Center for Personal Data Protection, as well as raising awareness for the importance of data protection both among the general public and the private industry and public administration.
Within the next two years, 34 experts from Germany and Latvia as well as from Lithuania, Austria, Slovenia, Estonia and Malta will implement 24 different measures in total, subdivided into three project components.
On 4 and 5 December 2017 the IRZ, the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Association of Judges of the Republic of Moldova and the Supreme Court of the Republic of Moldova jointly organised an expert discussion among representatives of the police, the public prosecutor’s office and the judiciary.
The topics of this expert discussion were on the one hand the legal framework conditions for carrying out public meetings and the principles laid down in the constitution to guarantee the fundamental right of freedom of association as well as its significance for a democratic community.
On the other hand, an intensive exchange of experience took place on the possibilities which the police and the law enforcement authorities have to ensure that demonstrations are carried out peacefully and to prevent violence in advance as well as to respond effectively to violent attacks and criminal offences committed among the crowd of demonstrators, identify the troublemakers or offenders and process the case to prosecution.
Therefore, not only police deployment and de-escalation strategies were presented, but also the procedure for preventive police measures and repressive detention measures, the requirements for criminal prosecution and the cooperation between the police, the public prosecutor's offices, the courts and the media.
The German experts participating on behalf of the IRZ were Walter Selter, former Public Prosecutor General; Hans-Dieter Hilken, former Head of Criminal Investigations, and Uwe Stark, Judge at the Local Court of Siegen.
On 2 and 3 November 2017, the IRZ in partnership with the National Institute of Justice of the Republic of Moldova and the Moldovan Association of Judges, organised a second Criminal Law Moot Court in Chişinău.
The objective of the two-day Moot Court seminar was to provide the opportunity for an intense, practice-oriented exchange on how criminal proceedings work, which was enhanced still further thanks to interaction through role play. The focus of the seminar was on appraising evidence.
There were a total of 52 participants, most of whom were judges, but there were also many public prosecutors, lawyers and a few investigators. The seminar was opened by Vlad Clima, a judge at the Court of Appeal in Chişinău and a member of the board of the Moldovan Association of Judges, as well as by Boris Talpã, a judge and head of the Legal Advice Centre at the National Institute of Justice.
The experts taking part in the Moot Court were Stefanie Wulff, Presiding Judge at the Regional Court of Bremen, Dr. Silke Noltensmeier, a public prosecutor at the Public Prosecutor's Office in Bremen, and Prof. Dr. Jan Bockemühl, a lawyer/specialist lawyer in criminal law from Regensburg.
Following an introductory lecture on the role of judges, public prosecutors and lawyers in criminal proceedings in Germany, participants were shown how criminal proceedings work, using a case with a German solution. The subsequent lively discussions and exchanges on the differences and similarities between the German and Moldovan systems were continued on the second day of the seminar with a mock procedure using a different case with a Moldovan solution. The participants benefited a great deal from the opportunity to exchange views with experienced practitioners.
A continuation of the Moot Court is planned for next year, following the extremely positive feedback from the participants and in view of the great demand for learning about the different approaches within the German system.