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From 26 to 28 November 2018, the IRZ in cooperation with the Moldovan Ministry of Justice, organised a closed conference with expert discussions on advising on the new draft legislation for Moldovan law enforcement in Chișinău.
Following on from the presentation of a strategy paper from the Moldovan Ministry of Justice on the reform of the prison system between 2016 and 2020, the IRZ is advising the Ministry of Justice in Moldova on the reform of law enforcement.
During the closed conference, the working group made up of members of the prison service, which was led by the head of the legal department at the prison service, Alexandru Crudu, worked together on producing the draft legislation. IRZ experts Silvia Sibyll Hawliczek, Prison Director at the young offenders’ institution in Berlin, and Dr. Arne Wieben, Director of the Bremervörde penal institution, were able to provide important momentum with their ideas for the draft legislation and therefore had a positive effect on the legislation process. During the expert discussions, important topics such as the requirement for an admissions department and the establishment of the type of accommodation were discussed with the participants.
There will be efforts to continue the consultancy process on the new draft legislation next year.
On 21 November 2018, the IRZ, together with the Moldovan Ministry of Justice, the Supreme Court and the Moldavian Parliamentary Committee on Legal Affairs organised a conference to mark the approval and introduction of the Administrative Code in the Republic of Moldova. The significance of administrative jurisdiction, the specialisation of administrative judges and other aspects of the new Administrative Code were discussed.
IRZ experts, Rolf Hüffer, former President of the Higher Administrative Court of Bavaria, Georg Schmidt, President of the Administrative Court of Trier, and Klaus Hage, Presiding Judge at the Administrative Court of Minden, explained the significance of the Administrative Code to more than 70 participants in the conference, as well as the need for improving the protection and guarantee of citizens’ basic rights and fundamental freedoms and the importance of the independent judicial monitoring of state activity. The Administrative Code formulates the legal requirements for the actions of the administration and outlines a concept for developing a functioning, independent public jurisdiction.
The aim of the event was to encourage an exchange of opinions on administrative procedural and administrative process law and to promote understanding of the Administrative Code. This is a complex and extensive topic, which has led to controversial debates in the Republic of Moldova in the past. The Administrative Code was approved after more than ten years of consultancy work on 19 July 2018 and enters into force on 1 April 2019.
A series of practical training seminars on the implementation of the Administrative Code and on the specialisation of administrative judges will follow on from this specialist conference. These seminars are aimed at officials from local and central authorities, future administrative judges and lawyers specialising in administrative procedures to help them prepare for the consistent application of the new Administrative Code.
Working in cooperation with the Moldovan Ministry of Justice and the prison service, the IRZ organised practice-oriented training seminars in the cities of Gojan and Chișinău on 7 and 9 November 2018. These seminars were aimed at training psychologists from Moldovan prisons in the establishment of individual enforcement plans and to prepare for their work in admissions departments. The practical part was followed in each case by expert discussions on the implementation of reforms in the Moldovan prison system.
The advice from the IRZ on these reforms is part of a long-term partnership in the area of prison reform in the Republic of Moldova. A twinning project, which the IRZ led over several years as the responsible institution in the Republic of Moldova, was also part of this long-lasting cooperation, which will now also include intensive support with legislation.
At the start of the training seminar, IRZ expert Silvia Sibyll Hawliczek, Prison Director at the young offenders’ institution in Berlin, provided a short overview of the penal system in Germany, in particular the organisation of admissions departments in prisons. She went on to present an introduction to the topic of diagnosis and prognosis in criminal offences. Afterwards, participants could work in groups to process authentic cases of various criminal offences.
The establishment of individual enforcement plans was one of the first important components of the training course for law enforcement psychologists. However, there continues to be a considerable requirement, since the training takes place over several years before qualification.
The IRZ will organise follow-up events on this subject next year.