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In cooperation with the General Delegation for Prison Administration and Reintegration (DGAPR), the IRZ organised a seminar on the “Humane treatment of prisoners” on 23 and 24 October 2019 in Tétouan, Morocco. The seminar is part of the “Cooperation with the Kingdom of Morocco on Prison Management” project, which is being supported by the German Foreign Office and coordinated by the IRZ between 2017 and 2020.
The IRZ experts at this event were Stefan Tydecks, a psychologist in the admissions department at the Moabit penal institution (Berlin), and Michael Weise, Head of General Law Enforcement at the Tegel penal institution (Berlin).
The seminar focussed on four fundamental standards with regards to safeguarding human rights standards in prisons:
A humane treatment in prisons allows the reintegration of prisoners with basic and further training and leisure activities.
Prison staff are trained to respond appropriately also in stressful situations and to maintain security in prisons.
To comply with international and national human rights standards, prisoners must be informed about their rights, obligations and social competences in prison. This takes place during an admissions interview as well as with the issue of specially printed booklets.
In order to encourage their independence and cooperation, prisoners should be involved in their own treatment measures.
The participants in the seminar showed a great deal of interest in the structure of open prisons in Germany and in the fact that all categories of prisoner could take part in reintegration measures. These topics will be included and discussed further in seminars planned for 2020.
The results of this seminar will be included in the handbook on the rights and duties of prisoners in a humane prison environment, which is being produced as part of the above-mentioned project.
On 25 and 26 September 2019, the IRZ, in partnership with the Moroccan Public Prosecutor’s Office, organised a two-day seminar in Fez on “Discovery of a corpse – cooperation between the justice system, legal and forensic medicine and the police”. The seminar is part of the “Cooperation with the Kingdom of Morocco in the field of legal and forensic medicine, with particular consideration paid to the concerns of the Moroccan justice system” project. The IRZ is coordinating this project between 2017 and the end of this year as part of the project financed by the German Foreign Office (Transformation Partnerships with North Africa/the Middle East).
The objective of the seminar was to point out to the attending public prosecutors the importance of a trusting working relationship between public prosecutors, forensic scientists and the police. A practical example of the discovery of a corpse was used to discuss the crucial roles played by all three parties involved in the criminal investigation.
The following experts were appointed by the IRZ to take part:
Prof. Dr. Knut Albrecht, Director of the Brandenburg Regional Institute of Legal and Forensic Medicine;
Ralph Knispel, Senior Public Prosecutor, Head of the Capital Offences Department; President of the Vereinigung Berliner Staatsanwälte e.V. (Berlin association of public prosecutors);
Christof Lehmkühler, Detective Chief Inspector in the 5th Homicide Division at the Berlin State Office of Criminal Investigations.
The IRZ experts presented the most important provisions in the German Code of Criminal Procedure for legal and forensic medicine. They also discussed in detail the significance of legal and forensic reports in investigation procedures. They stipulated the necessity of establishing quality standards for these reports. Another important topic was the prioritisation of evidence at the crime scene, which the participants discussed with the help of a number of specific case examples.
The current situation in terms of legal and forensic medicine in Morocco was also discussed. They established that the draft legislation on a professional code for forensic scientists, which the IRZ is also advising on as part of this project, should include new and clear regulations for exercising legal and forensic medicine. There are still a few outstanding issues to be resolved in this context, such as the question of sufficient funding for legal and forensic medicine.
On 17 and 18 September 2019, the IRZ, together with the General Delegation for Prison Administration and Reintegration (DGAPR) organised their fourth seminar on “Social and psychological Support for Prisoners” in Tétouan, Morocco.
Building on the previous seminars, the main focus of this event was on institutional and practical support measures for prison staff. Specific case examples were used to explain how particularly sensitive prisoners, especially those who have been radicalised, can be motivated to seek social and psychological support.
The experts representing the IRZ at the seminar were psychologist Dr. Angelika Burghardt-Kühne and Group Leader Vera Schiepe, both of whom work at the Heidering penal institution in Berlin.
This seminar, which makes up part of the project supported by the German Federal Foreign Office on “Cooperation with the Kingdom of Morocco on Prison Management”, further intensifies the successful cooperation between Morocco and Germany in this area. As part of the project, a handbook on social and psychological care for prisoners will be produced.
The Head of Personnel at the DGAPR, Redouane Kouta, emphasised at the start of the seminar how much both sides benefit from the Moroccan-German discussions on prison management. As a result of the joint project implementation, Morocco has also intensified its cooperation with other countries in Africa.
The current situation regarding social and psychological care in Moroccan prisons
The admissions procedure in Moroccan prisons starts with an extensive medical and psychological examination, which is used to make an assessment. Any pre-existing medical conditions are taken into account here. During this initial examination, staff at the prison put together all the available information in detailed reports for social services and prison management.
However, a good level of care for prisoners is vital to ensure their successful reintegration. Good working conditions for prison staff therefore play a particularly important role here. Since dealing with prisoners can be a real burden for the staff, support systems should be established. These cover various measures, from improving structural factors to psychological care. A setting involving several persons and advice on cases from colleagues have both proved to be helpful problem-solving measures in the care of prisoners.
To protect its officers from prisoners’ attempts to manipulate them, for example, the DGAPR runs social and psychological programmes, with the help of external psychologists in some cases. The strategy developed by the DGAPR here also covers the care of prisoners and has the objective of developing their skills.
Prisoners’ motivation for taking part in voluntary treatments presents a particular challenge for Moroccan prisons, as well as those in other countries, since the prisoners cannot be forced to participate. The treatment of prisoners with mental health problems is particularly difficult. Special motivation training sessions and motivation therapies aim at helping prisoners to participate in treatment measures, thus establishing a set structure to their day and achieve their own objectives for their period of detention. At the same time, these measures support the successful reintegration of prisoners. In order to reduce the relatively high relapse rate of approx. 57 percent, Morocco also wants to focus more on alternative forms of punishment.