Morocco - annual report 2018

Participants at the seminar “Corpse discovery – interaction between the judiciary and forensic medicine“ in Marrakesh
Participants at the seminar “Corpse discovery – interaction between the judiciary and forensic medicine“ in Marrakesh

Strategic Framework

Legal Policy Starting Point

King Mohamed VI of Morocco has initiated numerous political reforms since the Arab Spring of early 2011. He revised the constitution and therefore strengthened the power of the prime minister and parliament. The declared goal was to advance the independence of the judiciary and the protection of human rights. Announced in 2013, the comprehensive judicial reform was intended as the second important step towards this goal. Six key strategic objectives, including modernisation of judicial administration, assuring the independence of the judiciary and a reform of criminal law, were laid out in the Charter of the Judiciary System Reform. Among other things, the promotion of modern and regulated forensic medicine was designed to bolster the independence of the judiciary. Also included within criminal law were a revision of sentencing for certain offences, as well as the establishment of a sweeping resocialisation programme.

The Minister of Justice officially declared in 2016 that 78 percent of the Charter recommendations had been implemented.

Overall Concept

Following an initial successful cooperation in 2014, the IRZ decided to intensify and expand relations with Morocco in the area of the rule of law in coordination with the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection and the German Federal Foreign Office. Within this framework, the IRZ completed a project from 2015 to 2017 to implement legal reforms with its Moroccan partners, the Ministry of Justice and the Court of Cassation. In addition, two further projects on the topics of forensic medicine and the penitentiary system were launched in 2017. Both of these projects address important aspects of the judicial reform and are intended to help achieve the aforementioned goals. The forensic medicine project is being carried out in collaboration with the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences at Charité Berlin. Its main objective is to provide further training to forensic doctors and legal professionals, among others in the areas of criminal procedure law and toxicology. Moreover, the development of a professional code for forensic physicians will also be supported. The penitentiary system project places a particular focus on the basic training of prison staff and the resocialisation of inmates. Both cooperation projects span several years and are intended to run until the end of 2019.

Foci of Activity in 2018

Criminal Law and Penitentiary Law

  • Seminar in Rabat on the preparation of a professional code for forensic doctors
  • Expert talk in Rabat on the current draft legislation concerning a professional code for forensic doctors
  • Six expert talks on the topic of “Important foundations of criminal law for forensic doctors“ within the framework of internships by Moroccan forensic doctors at Charité - Universtätsmedizin Berlin
  • Three seminars on the topic of “Corpse discovery – interaction between the judiciary and forensic medicine“ in Marrakesh, Casablanca and Tangier
  • Two delegation trips to Berlin on the topic of “Potential of forensic medicine for legal professionals“
  • Two seminars in Casablanca and Agadir on the introduction of toxicology
  • Two seminars on the topic of “Humane treatment of inmates“ in Rabat
  • Cross-cutting delegation trip to Berlin on the humane treatment of inmates, as well as on the basic vocational, trades and artistic training for inmates
  • Two seminars in Rabat on basic vocational, trades and artistic training for inmates
  • Two seminars in Rabat on social and psychological support for inmates
  • Seminar on the topic “Good governance in cooperation between the administration of the penal system and the individual penal institutions” in Rabat

Project funded by the European Union

EU Technical Asisstance project: Assistance technique auprès de la Délégation Générale à l‘Administration Pénitentiaire et à la Réinsertion pour appuyer la mise en œuvre des Politiques de réinsertion sociale des détenus et de prévention de la récidive

The IRZ acquired this project on the penitentiary system in Morocco, which will be under the leadership of DMI Associates from France, at the end of 2018. Other partners are B&S Europe from Belgium and GEPSA, also from France. The consortium won the bidding process against four other competitors. Its budget is just short of €3 million.

The underlying purpose is to improve standards within the penitentiary system, provide resocialisation for inmates and prevent recidivism.

At present, the entire criminal law system in Morocco is undergoing sweeping reforms. This project aims to support the process as a whole. Within this framework, the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners should be applied. The principal beneficiary is the Directorate General for the Correctional Service and Resocialisation in Morocco (Délégation Génerale de l’Administration Pénitentaire et à la Réinsertion).

The contract between the consortium and the EU was signed in late November 2018. Its term – and therefore the start of work for the three long-term experts – began on 1 December 2018. A kick-off event in Rabat on 6 December 2018 marked the official launch of the project. The contract will run for 34 months.

Outlook

The IRZ plans to continue its commitment in the above fields and intensify cooperation with its Moroccan partners in 2019. Activities in both projects will therefore be extended to other regions as well. Doing so will allow access to the seminars for a far larger target group. Moreover, there are plans to increase the number of participants in the penitentiary system project in response to the extremely positive echo so far. An extension of the project until the end of 2020 is also included. Moreover, an IT education centre should be set up in a pilot penitentiary in cooperation with the Directorate General for the Correctional Service and Resocialisation in Morocco (DGAPR). Cooperation with the Ministry of Justice, the Public Prosecutor‘s Office and the Moroccan Institute of Legal and Forensic Medicine will be intensified as part of the forensic medicine project. A new law is scheduled to enter into force in Morocco at the start of 2019, which will regulate the tasks and duties of forensic doctors, as well as their licensing requirements. Several roundtable discussions on these issues with all the relevant stakeholders are planned in this regard. The extremely successful seminars on the topic of “Cooperation between the judiciary, police force and forensic medicine“ will be continued and broadened in 2019.

Morocco - annual report 2017

Opening of the conference with the Moroccan Ministry of Justice on the Independence of the Judiciary in Rabat: Mohamed Aoujar, Minister of Justice (at the microphone); Abdelillah Bennani, Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice, (on the right), Mustafa Fares, President of the High Judicial Council, (4 th from left)
Opening of the conference with the Moroccan Ministry of Justice on the Independence of the Judiciary in Rabat: Mohamed Aoujar, Minister of Justice (at the microphone); Abdelillah Bennani, Secretary General of the Ministry of Justice, (on the right), Mustafa Fares, President of the High Judicial Council, (4 th from left)

Legal Policy Situation

Shortly after his enthronement, King Mohamed VI announced political reforms in Morocco, which he advanced more vigorously under the pressure of the “Arab Spring” in early 2011 and with the start of the protest movements. He was thus able to prevent Morocco from experiencing a protest movement and political upheaval comparable to that of other Arab countries, despite the existing massive socio-economic problems.

As a direct result of the protests, the constitution was revised and adopted by referendum in July 2011. The reformed constitution is intended to strengthen the power of the Prime Minister and the Parliament and to advance the independence of the judiciary and the protection of human rights.

The long-term objective of all reform efforts is to strengthen the rule of law. Here, the aim is to help citizens develop trust in the security agencies and the judiciary. In addition to security policy reforms, reforms in the judiciary, criminal prosecution, the reintegration of delinquent juveniles and the protection of citizens from unequal treatment are being promoted at the same time. State institutions shall base all their actions upon the norms of the rule of law.

Overall Concept

Following an initial successful cooperation in 2014, the IRZ, in coordination with the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection and the German Federal Foreign Office, decided to intensify and expand relations with Morocco in the field of the rule of law. Within this framework, the IRZ agreed on a cooperation project with the Moroccan partners, the Ministry of Justice and the Cour de Cassation for the period from 2015 to 2017. In addition, two further projects on the topics of forensic medicine and the penitentiary system commenced in 2017. The project on forensic medicine is being carried out in collaboration with the Charité Berlin; the project on the penitentiary system focusses on the training of prison guard officers and the resocialisation of prisoners in particular. Both cooperation projects span several years and are intended to run until 2019.

Foci of Activity 2017

Administration of Justice

  • Visit to Germany by the Minister of Justice on the topic of “Independence of the Judiciary”
  • Trip by a Moroccan delegation to Germany and conference on the topic of “Independence of the Judiciary” in Rabat

Forensic Medicine

  • Two trips by Moroccan delegations on the topic of the “Potential of forensic medicine for law professionals”
  • Two seminars on the topic of the “Potential of forensic medicine for members of the judiciary and the Public Prosecutor’s Office” in Rabat

Criminal Law and Penitentiary Law

  • Multilateral conference on the topic of “Fighting organised crime” in Rabat
  • Trip by a Moroccan delegation to Germany on the topic of “Fighting organised crime”
  • Trip by a Moroccan delegation to Germany on the topic of the “Penitentiary system and resocialisation”
  • Conference on the topic of the “Penitentiary system and resocialisation” in Rabat

Outlook

In 2018, the IRZ plans to continue its commitment in the fields specified above and intensify the collaboration with its Moroccan partners. Thus, the cooperation that has started in the fields of the penitentiary system and forensic medicine will grow deeper and the reform process that is under way will be supported.

Morocco - annual report 2016

Deputy Minister of Justice Abdelilah Lahkim Bennani (2nd from right) for discussions in Berlin

Deputy Minister of Justice Abdelilah Lahkim Bennani (2nd from right) for discussions in Berlin

Strategic Framework

Legal Policy Starting Point

Following the local and regional elections held in 2015 for the first time since the constitutional amendments of 2011, elections for a new national Parliament were held in 2016. These elections represent important steps towards the further and fundamental democratisation of Morocco. As it was already the case in the preceding local elections, the predominantly Islamic party “Parti de la justice et du développement” (PJD) won the national elections.

In contrast to many countries in crisis in the Arab world, Morocco is stable. The monarchy is authoritarian and important decisions are taken by King Mohammed VI. himself. He is President of the Justice and Security Council. At the same time, he is also Chairman of the Cabinet to which the Prime Minister submits draft legislation for consultation.

With regard to the component of the rule of law, a “national dialogue for judicial reform”, which was initiated by the Government, already stated the most important concerns for reform as early as 2013, including the fight against corruption, the independence of the judiciary, steps towards greater transparency, remedying shortcomings in legal training and modern management. In the years to come, the Moroccan state is called upon to gradually address the publicly acknowledged shortcomings in the fields mentioned, and to initiate fundamental reforms.

Overall Concept

Following two successful kick-off conferences in 2014, the IRZ – in coordination with the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection and the German Federal Foreign Office – decided to intensify and expand relations with Morocco in the field of the rule of law. Within this framework, the IRZ agreed on a cooperation programme with the Moroccan partners, the Cour de Cassation and the Ministry of Justice, which is initially set to last for a period of three years. This encompasses both events in Morocco and visits to Germany by Moroccan delegations, and initially applies to the period from 2015 to 2017.

Foci of Activity 2016

Constitutional Law / Human Rights and their Enforceability

  • Conference in Rabat on the topic “Child and youth protection

Administration of Justice

  • Study visit to Germany by a Moroccan delegation on the topic “The independence of the judiciary”
  • Conference in Rabat on the topic of “The independence of the judiciary”
  • Public Law Study visit to Germany by the Moroccan Deputy Minister of Justice on the topic “Legislative technique”

Criminal Law and Penitentiary Law

  • Multilateral conference in Rabat on the topic “The fight against organised crime”
  • Study visit to Germany by a Moroccan delegation on the topic “The fight against organised crime”
  • Study visit to Germany by a high-ranking Moroccan delegation of the Moroccan correctional authority

Outlook

In addition to intensifying the topics specified above, the IRZ plans extensive cooperation over several years in the fields of the correctional service and forensic medicine. The partners on the Moroccan side will be the Cour de Cassation, the Ministry of Justice and the Correctional Authority.

Download the entire IRZ annual report in PDF format here: annual report 2016.