New Macedonian PIL act helps with EU harmonisation

A view of the seminar room

A view of the seminar room

A seminar on “Responsibilities and applicable law according to the new act on Private International Law”, which was organised jointly by the IRZ and the Macedonian Academy of Judges and Public Prosecutors, was held in Skopje on 27 April 2017.

The speakers at the seminar were Professor Dr. Toni Desoski, Skopje, one of the co-authors of the new PIL act, and Professor Dr. Slavko Djordjevic, of the Law Faculty in Kragujevac, a member of the Serbian commission of experts working on the new PIL act in Serbia.

Attending the seminar were judges from the civil law departments of various courts, lawyers and representatives of the Young Lawyers Association. Several case examples were presented at the event, illustrating some of the practical applications of the partly new regulations of the Macedonian law.

The seminar was organised on the occasion of the adoption of the new Macedonian PIL act. This complies with consistent EU harmonisation and convergence with international standards, including the Hague Convention. The new law replaces previous solutions dating from the socialist era.

Macedonian students discuss Hans Litten

A view of the meeting room: Dr. Stefan Pürner, IRZ; lecturer Dr. Aleksandar Spasov, Faculty of Law in Skopje; Miroslava Dzadzeva, el§a, during the discussions (head end, left to right)

A view of the meeting room: Dr. Stefan Pürner, IRZ; lecturer Dr. Aleksandar Spasov, Faculty of Law in Skopje; Miroslava Dzadzeva, el§a, during the discussions (head end, left to right)

The persecution of Jewish lawyers during the National Socialist era in Germany, and particularly the fate of Hans Litten, were the subjects of a lecture held on 28 March 2017 by the IRZ, in partnership with the Skopje section of the European Law Students Association (EL§A).

The event was opened by Miroslava Dzadzeva, President of the Skopje EL§A group and by the lecturer Dr. Aleksandar Spasov. Following the lecture, during which excerpts from a BBC TV documentary about Hans Litten were also shown, a lively discussion took place.

This event follows on from lectures on the abuse of civil law to discriminate against Jews during the National Socialist era, which have taken place over the past two years at various faculties in south-eastern European partner states of the IRZ and are due to continue in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in Kragujevac, Serbia. Events have already taken place in the following locations:  

•    University of Belgrade Law Faculty, Serbia,
•    University of Nis Law Faculty, Serbia
•    University of Podgorica Law Faculty, Montenegro
•    University of Sarajevo Law Faculty, Bosnia and Herzegovina
•    University of Zenica Law Faculty, Bosnia and Herzegovina
•    Centre of German Studies at the Faculty of Political Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia.

At these events, the general mechanisms used to abuse the law in authoritarian systems and the rocky road taken by Germany to overcome its own legal history are also discussed. These topics should also be part of the corresponding discussions in the south-eastern European partner states. This series of lectures is linked with other IRZ activities on “Coming to terms with the past”.

Exchange of experience on consumer protection between Macedonia and Serbia

On 3 February 2017, this year's first IRZ event took place in Skopje/Macedonia. The seminar on ”Consumer protection under the consumer protection law and its relation to other laws” was organised by the IRZ in partnership with the Academy for Judges and Public Prosecutors.

The event was opened by the Academy’s D/director, judge Aneta Arnaudovska, followed by presentations by Professor Jadranka Dabovic-Anastasovska, Skopje, Marijana Lonchar-Velkova from Macedonia’s consumer organisation and Professor Milena Jovanovic-Zattila from the Nis Law School in neighbouring Serbia.

The event addressed

  • judges
  • lawyers and
  • staff members of ministries and consumer protection organisations.

This wide range of participants and the different backgrounds of the speakers led to lively discussions and an extensive exchange of experience.

The seminar covered the recent integration of Directive 2011/83/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on consumer rights into Macedonian consumer protection law.