- Published: July 2, 2014
Turkey: Strengthening Capacity Against Cybercrime
Project Leader: Walter Selter
RTA: Eduard Güroff
Responsible at the IRZ: Dr Julie Trappe, Banu Avuk
The project between the Turkish national police, the Gendarmerie and the judiciary on one side and the IRZ on the other was successfully completed in October 2014. It had a total budget of roughly 1.35 million Euro, and its term was 18 months plus a four-month extension. The project concerned the fight against cybercrime, and aimed to produce a standard complying with the EU’s “acquis communautaire”. The implementation of the project was trouble free and successful.
Since cybercrime is increasingly organised crime, and is probably the most common form of transnational crime, the measures taken against it must be based on extensive, efficient international cooperation in criminal prosecution. Turkish society is also increasingly dependent on information Staatsand communication technology, and is hence more prone to the dangers posed by cybercrime. This relates to attacks on confidentiality and on the integrity and availability of computer data and computer systems, such as by malware or botnets, or indeed child pornography. Activities against organised crime and economic crime, as well as against further forms of serious crime, including terrorism, urgently call for measures to address cybercrime.
This project was to improve the performance of prison and prosecution authorities, as well as enhancing cooperation between national, international, private and public institutions in the fight against cybercrime. The project furthermore supported the implementation of the national action plan against organised crime.
The project partners drew up proposed legal amendments in workshops in order to integrate the contents and goals of the Convention on Cybercrime into Turkish legislation. Short-term experts from Germany and other EU States travelled to Turkey to pass on their expertise in cooperation with their Turkish partners. Furthermore, study trips and work experience in Germany provided an opportunity to gain an understanding of the various approaches taken in the fight against cybercrime and to undergo training in best practices.
In the first component, the project partners drew up drafts for legal amendments in compliance with EU directives and with the Convention on Cybercrime and the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data.
The second component related to the development of training courses for employees of the prosecution authorities, as well as public prosecutors and judges. For this, first of all the demand was analysed and then modules prepared for basic training and for advanced training courses.
In the third component, examples were drawn up and presented demonstrating the establishment of 24-hour standby duty schemes for those individuals who are responsible for international police and legal cooperation. The project partners discussed the structure and possibilities of such a standby service and drew up a guideline for cooperation with other authorities.
This component aimed to improve dialogue and cooperation between prosecution authorities and Internet service-providers with the aid of clear procedures and guidelines. For this, the project partners drew up a protocol which was fruitfully and successfully discussed. The Turkish Parliament ratified the Convention on Cybercrime during the implementation phase. Discussions are now ongoing on the adoption of an Act on Data Protection.