Study trip to Germany on “Identity and mobility – the legal framework for preserving and modernising cultural heritage through changing times”

The Russian delegation at the HERITAGE-PRO initiative in Mainz
The Russian delegation at the HERITAGE-PRO initiative in Mainz
Russian Federation

During the first week of December 2019, community experts from the Russian Federation visited community institutions in several federal states of Germany. The study visit was organised jointly by the IRZ, the Kudrin Foundation for the Support of Civic Initiatives (KGI) and the European Club of Experts in Local Self-Government. The subject of the study trip was “Identity and mobility – the legal framework for preserving and modernising cultural heritage through changing times”. The participants were brought together by the reform project “Urban map of Russia: areas of growth”, which aims to increase the quality of local self-government in the Russian Federation and enhance the potential for civic participation.

In order to develop a concept for these reforms, the experts travelled to various states of Germany to learn about municipal administration. During the week of 2 to 6 December, they visited institutions in various German cities:

Aachen:

  • EUREGIO Aachen on the work of the Rhineland association and on the principles and development of the preservation of monuments in Germany
  • Bau- und Liegenschaftsbetrieb (BLB) Aachen (a construction and real estate management authority) on reconciling the preservation of monuments with urban development and on BLB projects in the city
  • ILS Dortmund, a group specialising in the preservation of urban historical monuments as a basis for future city development
  • A meeting with the junior professor, Prof. Dr. Carola Neugebauer, from the Institute for the preservation of cultural heritage (RWTH Aachen) on the status of research on urban redevelopment

Trier:

  • Department for Construction, Environment and Preservation of Monuments of the City of Trier on the work of the preservation department and urban planning

Mainz:

  • Rhineland-Palatinate Cultural Heritage commission on the position and work of the commission, the identification and mapping of monuments and publicity work
  • HERITAGE-PRO initiative on their approaches and strategies for the development of a teaching programme for interdisciplinary cooperation in the preservation of cultural heritage

Braubach:

  • Zweckverband Oberes Mittelrheintal (joint board of the Upper and Middle Rhine Valley) on the working methods of the association and its legal and organisational status

Koblenz:

  • Görlitz foundation for the Florinsmarkt project in Koblenz
  • Rhine/Mosel/Lahn regional federation of the Rhine association for civic involvement in the preservation of monuments in Koblenz

Frankfurt am Main:

  • Planning and Construction department at the Goethe University in Frankfurt on the Campus Westend project
  • Urban Planning office on reconciling the preservation of monuments with modernisation
The participants showed a lot of interest throughout the visit in the work of the various institutions and in the possibilities of integrating their working methods in the Russian administration system. They asked a lot of questions on comparative law issues, targeting the development and incorporation of specific working processes in their own institutions. The Russian guests were particularly interested in the potential for collaboration between the various parties involved.

Russo-German Workshop on "Judicial Protection of Social Rights in Russia and Germany" in St. Petersburg

Participants in the workshop held at the State University of St. Petersburg
Participants in the workshop held at the State University of St. Petersburg
Russian Federation

On 21 June 2019, the IRZ organised a Russo-German workshop on "Judicial Protection of Social Rights in Russia and Germany" in St. Petersburg together with the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy and the State University of St. Petersburg. 

The German speakers at the workshop were:

  • Prof. Dr. Ulrich Becker, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy,
  • Andreja Bogataj, doctoral student at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy,
  • Dr. Olga Chesalina, research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy, and
  • Professor Dr. Richard Giesen, holder of the Chair for Social Law, Labour Law and Civil Law at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.

The main Russian participants included jurisprudence scholars from the Chairs of Constitutional Law, Civil Procedure, Labour Law and Occupational Safety and Health at State University of St. Petersburg.

Three focal points in the workshop addressed the following topics: 

  • Constitutional protection of social rights in Russia and Germany;
  • Design of non-constitutional judicial protection of social rights in Russia and Germany. An exchange on German experience with specialised social jurisdiction;
  • The importance of "law of judges" in social law.

Above all, presentations given by the German speakers on experience with specialised jurisdiction over social matters were of particular interest to the Russian participants. In Russia, the regular courts have jurisdiction over disputes relating to social security rights (e.g. pension claims). There are no separate courts having jurisdiction over this area. In addition, the question of whether disputes in the field of social law should be dealt with in court according to civil procedural or administrative procedural law is a controversial issue in Russia at present. The German participants were very interested to learn that civil procedural rules may also be applied in Russia.

The event was successful in its aim of fostering a dialogue between German and Russian scholars in the field of social law. The lively discussions that took place illustrated the differences that exist in the field of social law between the two countries and underscored that the participants are interested in an expert exchange which both countries can benefit from. In addition, the event provided foundations for further discussions above and beyond this workshop.

Study visit on medical law to Marburg and Bonn

During the expert talks at the Ministry of Health in Bonn
During the expert talks at the Ministry of Health in Bonn
Russian Federation

From 3 to 7 June 2019, the IRZ, together with the Philipps-Universität of Marburg and the Law Academy of the Ministry of Justice for the Russian Federation, organised a study visit on medical law to Marburg and Bonn. Taking part in the visit were Russian doctors, leading academics in the field of medical law and representatives of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation. The delegation also included the First Deputy Minister of Health for the Republic of Udmurtia.

German representatives at the event included people from the universities of Marburg and Mainz and from the university hospitals of Frankfurt am Main, Marburg and Gießen and representatives from the Public Prosecutor’s Office and from the North German arbitration body for medical liability issues.

The study visit began in Marburg, offering a platform for the Russian and German participants to discuss their latest theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of medical law. The contributions from the Russian and German speakers revealed a very high level of expertise. On the German side, the focus of the lectures was on the following areas:

  • The criminal and professional consequences of medical negligence,
  • offences involving bodily harm and homicide in medical law,
  • how medical negligence is handled in a hospital legal department and
  • the practice of the compensation process.

The Russian experts focussed on criminal investigations for doctors and the perspectives for the development of medical liability in the Russian Federation. After the lectures, the participants discussed four practical case examples from Germany and Russia. The expert discussions revealed new perspectives on all sides and enhanced the participants’ professional knowledge of medical law.

On the last day of the study visit, the Russian delegation travelled to Bonn for expert talks at the Federal Ministry of Health, followed by a visit to the IRZ for a lecture on the subject of palliative care in Germany. Here, subjects including patients’ instructions and the financing of hospices were discussed.
The study visit was a great success, enabling a fruitful interdisciplinary dialogue between doctors and law professionals, as well as an exchange of experiences between the two countries.