Čedomir Backović, Deputy Minister, Serbian Ministry of Justice; Dr. Stefan Pürner, Head of Section at the IRZ;  Dr. Claudia Alfons, BMJV;  Miroslav Đorđević, LL.M., IRZ local staff in Serbia (from left to right)
Čedomir Backović, Deputy Minister, Serbian Ministry of Justice; Dr. Stefan Pürner, Head of Section at the IRZ; Dr. Claudia Alfons, BMJV; Miroslav Đorđević, LL.M., IRZ local staff in Serbia (from left to right)
Serbia

On 21 May 2019, expert talks organised by the IRZ in partnership with the Serbian Ministry of Justice took place in Belgrade. During the discussions, a group from the Serbian Ministry of Justice working on the reform of the Serbian code of civil procedure was able to learn about the model declaration, as well as about other regulations under civil law, which should enable consumers to execute their rights.

Once the event had been opened by the Assistant Minister for European Integration and International Projects, Čedomir Backović, who is also head of the negotiation team for Chapter 23, Dr. Claudia Alfons, representing Section R A 2 “Civil Procedure, Labour Tribunal Proceedings” at the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, presented the history and legislation of the model declaratory action. The participants also learned about the register of model declaratory actions held by the German Federal Office of Justice.

The scope of the subjects presented and subsequently discussed was inevitably broad. They ranged from the reasons for developing the claims as declaratory actions and not actions for performance to the potential options for formulating claims. There was a particular emphasis on the fact that new statutory provisions should make it easier for consumers to enforce the law but should not themselves create new laws.

Participants in the expert talks were also provided with translations of the relevant provisions of the German ZPO (code of civil procedure), the legal justification of the new provisions for the model declaratory action, the decree for the register of model declaratory actions and other documents on the civil aspects of consumer protection in Germany.