Visit by the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Community in Berlin during a study trip in June 2022 (photo: IRZ)
Visit by the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Community in Berlin during a study trip in June 2022 (photo: IRZ)
Republik Usbekistan

IRZ has a long-standing cooperation with the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which plays a vital role in the implementation of criminal law reforms. It has, for instance, installed numerous mechanisms for policy to prevent and combat corruption, introduced new instruments, adapted regulations and carried out structural changes within public administration.

After a high-level conference on preventing and combating corruption was held in Tashkent in March 2022, the study trip to Berlin from 19 to 24 June 2022 marked a continuation of cooperation on this topic. In total, nine public prosecutors with special portfolios travelled to Berlin, led by Erkin T. Yuldashev, the Deputy Prosecutor General.

International mutual legal assistance in criminal matters (including asset recovery) was another thematic priority of the trip. Following a welcome address by Under-Secretary Dirk Mirow, the technical programme began with a discussion at the Federal Ministry of Justice with Georg Schäfer, Head of Division II B 7 International Criminal Law, on cooperation in the area of extradition and enforcement assistance. The Uzbek Prosecutor General’s Office oversees international enforcement of sentences, and the delegates listened attentively to the presentation of the procedure for cross-border cooperation on asset recovery. The Head of the Legal Assistance Department at the Berlin Public Prosecutor General’s Office used a separate expert talk to provide the Uzbek colleagues with insight into how international legal assistance in criminal matters is handled from a practical standpoint.

The Senate Department for Urban Development, Building and Housing offered one example for preventing corruption in the public sector: the Head of the Anti-Corruption/Internal Audit Unit, Silvia Kröber, and the Head of the Control and Service Unit of the Building Construction Department, Matthias Schich, explained the organisational structure and tasks, the internal control system and the project process, including award procedures and the necessary documentation. They also explained the authority’s mission statement – which was developed collaboratively with the staff – as well as internal recommendations for action for the envisaged code of conduct to prevent corruption.

At the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Community, Birgit Otto, Head of the Integrity, Anti-Corruption and Sponsorship Unit, Julia Paul, anti-corruption officer, and Ms Büchner, responsible for public sector employment law, gave an introduction to the corresponding rules at federal level. They provided an overview of the legal bases and their implementation in the federal institutions.

Senior Public Prosecutor Dr Rüdiger Reiff, long-standing Head of the Central Anti-Corruption Unit and Head of the Anti-corruption Working Group of the Berlin authorities, added some field reports and case studies to flesh out the expert talk. This invited the Uzbek colleagues to address comparable matters from their own experience and to discuss various approaches.

The visit to Transparency International drew attention to corruption prevention beyond the areas of regulation and control. Dr Roberto Kukutschka, Research Expert for Corruption Measurement Tools, demonstrated that education and persuasion through communication and coalitions with governments, authorities, politicians, companies and civil society groups are needed in order to counter corruption.

An exchange of experience with the Potsdam Public Prosecutor’s Office addressed the current challenges within public prosecutor activities, during which Senior Public Prosecutor Rolf-Uwe Kurz presented modernisation approaches – such as the evaluation of new instruments, regionalisation, specialisation and accelerated case handling – and then discussed the methods with the Uzbek colleagues. They were particularly interested in the demarcation of public prosecutors’ competence from other authorities such as the police, as well as in the executive branch’s right of direction.

The visitors attended an oral hearing in a criminal case for grievous bodily harm at Tiergarten Local Court, which stimulated an exchange of experience on the principles of procedural law. Discussions focused on the length of proceedings: while time limits are imposed on the duration of investigations and judicial proceedings in criminal cases in Uzbekistan, the presiding judge Martin Ernst emphasised that the independence of the judiciary in Germany allows judges to handle cases according to the general workload.

During their visit to Berlin, the Uzbek public prosecutors were given an opportunity for intense discussions with their German colleagues on legal policy issues that are relevant to their work. Although legal traditions and the social context differ greatly between the two countries, they share very similar understandings of the need to curb corruption and ideas about the requirements of a modern criminal justice system.


31 Yuldashev Mirow Dirk Mirow, Under-secretary at the Federal Ministry of Justice welcomes Deputy Prosecutor General Erkin T. Yuldashev from Uzbekistan during a study trip to Berlin by the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Uzbekistan in June 2022 (photo: IRZ)