Seminar on the division of responsibilities between investigation authorities and public prosecutors

Graphics: IRZ
Graphics: IRZ
Kazakhstan

On 24 July 2020, IRZ and the Law Academy at the Chief Public Prosecutor's Office in the Republic of Kazakhstan organised an online seminar on “Law enforcement: the division of responsibilities between authorities conducting pre-trial investigations and public prosecutors”.

The event was attended by some high-ranking participants. These included Yerlik Kenenbayev, Deputy Prosecutor General of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Prof. Dr. Igor Rogov, Deputy Director of the foundation “Фонд Первого Президента Республики Казахстан“ (Fond Pervogo Prezidenta Respubliki Kazakhstan = Foundation of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan), and Jogan Merkel, a member of the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan. All three gave welcome speeches at the start of the seminar.

Andreas Stüve, a Senior Public Prosecutor and Head of the Organised Crime department at the Düsseldorf Public Prosecutor’s Office, was appointed as an IRZ expert. He gave a speech on the position and responsibilities of the public prosecutor’s office in investigation proceedings and on the relations between public prosecutors and the police.

The online seminar led to intense discussions on the subject and provided proof of the Kazakh partners’ need for further training in the field of criminal law and criminal procedure law. IRZ would like to fulfil this requirement by providing the necessary measures in future.

Events held in Kazakhstan on preventing and combating corruption

During the seminar on 4 December in Nursultan
During the seminar on 4 December in Nursultan
Kazakhstan

In partnership with the Law Academy at the Office of the Public Prosecutor General in the Republic of Kazakhstan, the IRZ organised a seminar on combating corruption on 4 December in Nursultan, followed by a round table discussion on the same subject held on the following day.

The seminar was aimed at employees of law enforcement authorities, who are currently attending further training courses at the Academy and were able to gain an insight into the German system thanks to the IRZ seminar.

The round table discussions held on 5 December 2019 involved, amongst others, representatives of the training institute at the Law Academy. The IRZ was able to recruit Public Prosecutor Stefan Schlotter from the Frankfurt Public Prosecutor’s Office to attend both event formats as a German expert. Stefan Schlotter spoke about subjects including methods of exposing and investigating corruption offences and also used practical case examples to present the main methods of preventing corruption.

There were lively discussions at both events, with participants showing their interest by asking the German expert plenty of questions. The participants were able to study the subjects of preventing and combating corruption in depth and gain valuable knowledge along the way.

Seminar on Aviation Safety in Nursultan

Participants in the seminar with speakers Jens Friedemann (1st row, centre), BFU Aircraft Accident Investigator, and Nurlan Akkulow (on his left), Chief Investigator at the Kazakh Air Accident Investigation Authority
Participants in the seminar with speakers Jens Friedemann (1st row, centre), BFU Aircraft Accident Investigator, and Nurlan Akkulow (on his left), Chief Investigator at the Kazakh Air Accident Investigation Authority
Kazakhstan

In partnership with the Academy of Law Enforcement Authorities at the Office of the Public Prosecutor General in the Republic of Kazakhstan, a seminar on aviation safety was held on 6 November 2019 in Nursultan. Jens Friedemann from the German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Investigation (BFU) took part as a German expert on behalf of the IRZ.

The Kazakh participants in the seminar included public prosecutors from the Office of the Public Prosecutor General and the Main Traffic Prosecutor's Office, as well as investigators from the traffic police, who were very interested in learning about the work of the BFU.

The IRZ expert Jens Friedemann informed the participants about:

  • the German aviation safety system,
  • investigation into the causes of aircraft accidents and
  • coordination between specialist and law enforcement authorities in the area of transport safety.

Nurlan Akkulow, Chief Investigator at the Kazakh Air Accident Investigation Authority, presented the Kazakh experiences in this area.

The 28 participants showed a great deal of interest in the following aspects in particular:

  • the independence of the BFU and how this is guaranteed in work processes,
  • communication and consultation regarding responsibilities and
  • the benefits that the law enforcement authorities can draw from the investigation report and the expert knowledge of the BFU contained in this report.

About the work of the BFU

As well as aviation safety, the areas of responsibility of the BFU include above all the collection of evidence and establishment of the causes of aircraft accidents, with the aim of preventing accidents and malfunctions from happening in future. The investigations carried out by the BFU are not aimed at apportioning blame or liability. However, the BFU’s report does provide a technical basis for the subsequent work of law enforcement authorities. The BFU works as an independent body. It must not be influenced by politics or the media nor allow itself to be influenced. The establishment of the causes of aircraft accidents is impartial and purely factual. BFU employees, who come from a wide variety of specialist fields, shed light on the potential aeronautical, technical and psychological reasons, which may have led to the aviation accident.