High-ranking Kosovan delegation make a study visit to learn about legal training in Berlin and Brandenburg

During the talks at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Justice: Besim Morina (left), Managing Director of the Academy of Justice, and Lavdim Krasniqi, Director of the Prosecutional Council Secretariat

During the talks at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Justice: Besim Morina (left), Managing Director of the Academy of Justice, and Lavdim Krasniqi, Director of the Prosecutional Council Secretariat

From 13 to 17 February 2017, eight important representatives from the Kosovan justice system made a study visit to Berlin and Brandenburg:

  • Fejzullah Hasani, President of the Supreme Court,
  • Aleksander Lumezi, Public Prosecutor General,
  • Nehat Idrizi, Chairman of the Council of Judges,
  • Blerim Isufaj, Chairman of the Council of Public Prosecutors,
  • Ymer Hoxha, President of the Managing Board of the Kosovo Judicial Institute,
  • Vaton Durguti, President of the Court of Gjakova,
  • Lavdim Krasniqi, Director of the Prosecutional Council Secretariat and
  • Besim Morina, Managing Director of the Academy of Justice.

This high-ranking delegation wanted to familiarise themselves with education and further training in the German justice system. The visit was organised and supervised by an EU-funded twinning project, which the IRZ is currently leading at the Kosovan Academy of Justice along with its Dutch counterpart, the Center for International Legal Cooperation (CILC): “Further Support of Legal Education Reform”.

The Kosovan guests started by visiting the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection. Also on the programme:

  • Extensive informative discussions on the organisation of legal internships at the Law Students Examination Authority (Justizprüfungsamt) for the Berlin and Brandenburg regions,
  • A visit to the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Justice and the German Judicial Academy and
  • Informative discussions on HR development at the Higher Regional Court of Berlin and at the Public Prosecutor's Office in Berlin.

Overall, the study visit helped to provide the Kosovan participants with an insight into some of the specific features of legal training in Germany, which could also be adapted in such a way that they can play a role in the transition from Judicial Institute to Academy of Justice in Kosovo:

  • The prominent significance of the (higher regional) courts in defining legal internships,
  • The strong orientation of internships towards practice and procedural experience,
  • The special role played by examinations (second state exam) and examination offices, and
  • The importance of Academies of Justice as joint centres of learning and meeting places, in which teaching and practice come together.

The twinning project team at the Kosovan Academy of Justice would like to thank all those who made this study visit possible, in particular the President of the Law Students Examination Authority (Justizprüfungsamt) for Berlin-Brandenburg, Martin Groß, who played a very important role here.

Round table and lectures on constitutional law in Pristina

A round table, mediated by the IRZ, was held on the morning of 29 November 2016 between members of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Kosovo, followed in the afternoon by lectures at the Law Faculty of the University of Pristina.

The IRZ were once again able to attract Professor Rainer Arnold from the University of Regensburg and Nevila Saja, MA graduate from the University of Regensburg, to both events.

The German guests were warmly welcomed to the Constitutional Court of Kosovo by its President, Arta Rama-Hajrizi, her deputy, judge Ivan Cukalovic, and judge Selvete Gerxhaliu. The informal round table discussions served mainly to exchange thoughts and sound out topics concerning the continuation of the until now very successful cooperation between the IRZ and the Constitutional Court of Kosovo.

In the afternoon, there followed lectures for masters students at the Faculty of Law of the University of Pristina. Having been welcomed by the Dean of the faculty, Professor Dr. Haxhi Gashi, and the Vice-Dean, Professor Iliriana Islami, Professor Arnold began the series of lectures on the subject “Common Tendencies of Constitutional Law in Europe”. This was followed by a lecture on the “Integration of refugees in Germany – current situation and perspectives” by Nevila Saja. The students showed a keen interest in the lectures, making their own contributions and asking questions. The afternoon for masters students was moderated by Professor Enver Hasani, former president of the Constitutional Court of Kosovo.

To continue the successful and valuable cooperation, various bilateral measures are also planned for 2017 with these established partners of the IRZ.

New twinning project in Kosovo: "Strengthening policy formulation and legislative drafting"

The EU twinning project “Strengthening policy formulation and legislative drafting” was launched on 16 November 2016 in Priština. The IRZ is managing this project, which will run for 24 months, together with the Kosovan Ministry of Justice. The project builds on the results of previous twinning projects and is a continuation of the successful cooperation with the Ministry.

The aim of the project is to improve skills in drafting policy documents and proposals for legislation. The need for this to take place was established from the fact that, in spite of all the progress made by the justice system in Kosovo, there is still room for improvement, particularly when it comes to technical issues in the legislation process. The current practice of introducing frequent changes to the law needs to be replaced by proactive political planning geared towards sustainability and compatibility.

The new twinning project also took on new significance for Kosovo with the signing of the Stability and Association Agreement with the EU, which came into force on 1 April 2016 and should lead to further far-reaching reforms in the legal system, as well as in other areas. A reliable legal system should also help to improve the economic situation in the country.