Expert talks held in Hanover and Göttingen on the juvenile justice system

From 6 to 9 July 2016, a delegation from Kosovo led by Deputy Minister of Justice, Lirak Celaj, and Deputy Leader of UNICEF Kosovo, James Mugaju, attended expert discussions in Hanover and Göttingen.

The delegation of seven people began their expert talks on the juvenile justice system with a visit to the Lower Saxony Ministry of Justice in Hanover. The head of department for law enforcement, Christiane Jesse, gave a short and concise introduction to the subject, supported by her colleagues Markwart and Starke.

The following day was devoted to practical experience and the guests were given the opportunity to attend two hearings at the local court in Göttingen. Following a welcome speech by the director, Dr. Dietmar Brosche, a judge at the local court, Stefan Scherrer, described the cases, in which the offenders had already reached the age of 18. The day spent at the local court was rounded off with extremely interesting talks given by probation officer Silke Grotkop (“Duties of the probation officers in juvenile criminal proceedings”) and social worker Karin Faber from the Verein Jugendhilfe Süd-Niedersachsen e.V., an association providing support for young people in the southern part of the Lower Saxony region, on “Services for young offenders outside the prison system”.

On the third and last day of the study visit, there was a visit to the juvenile detention facility in Göttingen and the open prison for young offenders. The guests were given a guided tour of both institutions and a detailed explanation of the concept behind each establishment. In this way, they were able to get a clear insight into the juvenile detention facility and the open prison and find out at close hand about the everyday lives of young offenders.

The professional visit was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Justice.

Twinning project: IRZ experts meet in Bonn

On 15 January 2016, a meeting was held at the IRZ offices in Bonn between short-term experts on the "Strengthening the correctional and probation services in Kosovo" twinning project. This was the second meeting of its kind, following an initial event held in December 2014.

The Project

As far as its prison and probation services are concerned, Kosovo is on course for applying European standards. The IRZ has been implementing the EU twinning project alongside its French junior partner, Justice Coopération Internationale (JCI), since August 2014 and has been supporting the recently formed Republic of Kosovo with expertise and financial aid. The project, which is receiving EU funding amounting to EUR 1.7 million, intends to make a contribution towards developing European standards in the prison system, further developing the probation service and hence ensuring that alternatives to prison are available.

The first meeting was predominantly about getting to know one another and finding out about the experts' set ideas and expectations, as well as what they hoped to achieve by cooperating in this project. The objective for the second meeting was to review the first 17 months of the project and to plan the remaining 7 months before project completion.

Following a welcome address by IRZ Managing Director, Veronika Keller-Engels, Twinning Coordinator Johannes Schlicht provided an overview of all the twinning projects currently being supported by the IRZ and those that will soon be underway. Project Manager Dr. Peter Best then presented the current status of the above-mentioned project in Kosovo. Long-term expert Marius Fiedler added to this presentation with an interesting speech on the political situation in the country.

The ensuing discussions between the experts were lively and enriching for all those involved.

Continued cooperation with the University of Pristina

On 15 December 2015, the IRZ organised three lectures on the subject of "European Law" for Kosovan students from the Faculty of Law at the University of Pristina. We were fortunate to be able to welcome back all three of the lecturers from the same event in 2013: Professor Rainer Arnold, Professor Wolfgang Reimann and Nevila Saja.

Following a warm welcome from the Dean of the faculty, Professor Dr. Haxhi Gashi, and from the Vice-Dean, Professor Dr. Iliriana Islami, Professor Dr. Rainer Arnold, who holds the Chair of Public Law and the Jean Monnet Chair of European Law at the University of Regensburg, began the series of lectures with his talk on the "EU and German Constitutional Law" and the "Internationalisation of Fundamental Rights Protection".

Next came a contribution from Professor Dr. Wolfgang Reimann, Honorary Professor of Civil Law and Contracts at the University of Regensburg, under the title "The impact of EU law on German Company Law". Nevila Saja, a graduate of the Elite East European Studies course at the University of Regensburg, brought the day of lectures to a close with her talk on the highly topical subject of "Refugee Law – German/EU influence".

Following on from these lectures, there were some lively and animated discussions with the students, reflecting the high level of interest in the lectures. These discussions were moderated by Professor Dr. Enver Hasani, the former President of the Constitutional Court of Kosovo, Dr. Visar Morina, a Professor of Constitutional Law and the Vice-Dean, Iliriana Islami.

The Faculty of Law at the University of Pristina is an important and established partner in the bilateral cooperation between the IRZ and the Republic of Kosovo. This successful and valuable cooperation is set to continue in 2016.